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20 terms

American Gov: Chapter 4 Terms

this is the terms from "Magruder's American Government" Chapter 4: Federalism.
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federalism
A system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central gov. and several local governments.
division of powers
Basic principle of federalism, the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis (in the U.S between the National Gov. and the States)
delegated powers
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the National Gov. by the Constitution.
expressed powers
those delegated powers of the National Gov. that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution (i.e: enumerated powers)
implied powers
Those delegated powers of the National Gov. that are suggested by the expressed powers.
inherent powers
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Gov. because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community.
reserved powers
Those powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Gov. and does not, at the same time, deny to the states.
exclusive powers
those powers that can be exercised by the National Gov. alone.
concurrent powers
those powers that both the National Gov. and the States possess and exercise.
enabling act
A congressional act directing the people of a U.S territory to frame a proposed State constitution as a step towards admission to the Union.
act of admission
A congressional act admitting a new State to the Union
grants-in-aid program
Grants of federal money or other resources to States, cities, counties, and other local units.
revenue sharing
Form of federal monetary and under which Congress gave a share of federal tax revenue, with virtually no restrictions, to the States, cities, countries, and townships.
categorical grant
One type of federal grants-in-aid ; made for some specific, closely defined, purpose.
block grant
One type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defied area of public policy.
project grant
One type of federal grants-in-aid; made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them.
interstate compact
Formal agreement entered into with the consent of Congress, between or among States, or between a State and a foreign state.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State.
extradition
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one State is returned to that State.
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Constitution's stipulation (Article IV, Sect. 2) that all citizens are entitles to certain "privileges and immunities," regardless of their State of residence; no State can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other States.