60 terms

Ch.8 skin disorders and diseases

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A _____ is any mark on the skin that may indicate an injury or damage that changes the structure of tissues or organs.
lesion
A(n) _____ is a lesion that is a different color than the color of the skin.
primary lesion
Which of the following is a primary lesion frequently seen in cases of severe acne?
cyst
A freckle is an example of a:
macule
A solid bump larger than 1 centimeter that can be easily felt is called a:
nodule
A _____ is a raised bump that is often red due to inflammation and sore due to the pressure of swelling.
papule
A _____ is a closed, abnormally developed sac that contains pus, semifluid, or morbid matter, above or below the skin, which cannot be drained of fluid.
tubercle
An abnormal mass varying in size, shape, and color is a:
tumor
Contact with poison ivy or poison oak commonly causes _____ in many people.
vesicles
Wheals are NOT commonly caused by:
acne
A _____ is characterized by a pile of material on the skin surface or a depression in the skin surface.
secondary skin lesion
Which of the following is an example of a secondary skin lesion?
keloid
The scab on a sore is an example of a(n):
crust
A crack that penetrates the dermis layer of the skin is a:
fissure
A thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue is a:
keloid
Cicatrix is another name for a(n):
scar
An open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth, is a(n):
ulcer
Where do comedones appear most frequently?
t-zone
When the sebum of a comedo is exposed, it oxidizes, producing:
blackheads
A closed comedo is also known as a:
whitehead
Benign, keratin-filled cysts that appear under the epidermis and have no visible opening are:
milia
Acne is a skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the:
sebaceous glands
The chronic condition _____ is characterized by redness on the cheeks and nose.
rosacea
Seborrheic dermatitis is often characterized by:
red,flaky skin
Telangiectasis is defined as:
distended or dilated surface blood vessels
A deficiency in perspiration is called:
anhidrosis
Foul-smelling perspiration caused by bacteria is:
bromhidrosis
Miliaria rubra is an inflammation of the sweat glands that is also known as:
prickly heat
Which of the following is a common, extremely contagious bacterial infection of the eye?
conjunctivitis
Which term is broadly used to describe any inflammatory condition of the skin?
dermatitis
Which condition often presents as a fever blister or cold sore?
herpes simplex I
Which of these conditions is a contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by weeping lesions?
impetigo
Which skin disease is caused by the skin cells turning over faster than normal?
psoriasis
Darker than normal pigmentation that appears as dark splotches is called:
hyperpigmentation
A person with albinism will have:
silky white hair
Another name for a nevus is a:
birthmark
A _____ is an abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular or irregular shape.
stain
Which of the following is a hereditary condition that causes hypopigmented spots on the skin?
vitiligo
A callus is a _____ caused by continued, repeated pressure or friction on any part of the skin.
keratoma
A verruca is also known as a:
wart
The most common and least severe type of skin cancer is:
basal cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is characterized by:
scaly red papules or nodules
Black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture are a sign of which type of skin cancer?
malignant melanoma
What does the D on the American Cancer Society Cancer Checklist stand for?
diameter
A predisposition to acne is based on:
heredity and hormones
Retention hyperkeratosis is the hereditary tendency for acne-prone skin to:
retain dead cells in the follicle​
Propionibacterium acnes are anaerobic, which means they cannot survive in the presence of:
oxygen
A(n) _____ product is one that has been designed and proven not to clog the follicles.
noncomedogenic
Which of the following is NOT an example of an intrinsic skin-aging factor?
sun exposure
Which UV rays cause the majority of skin cancers?
UVB rays
Which rays of the sun are known as aging rays?
UVA rays
To prevent premature skin aging, you should make daily use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least:
15
At what time of day is UV exposure typically highest?
10 AM to 3 PM
Common places for allergic contact dermatitis on a client include all of the following EXCEPT:
soles of the feet
When irritating substances temporarily damage the epidermis, the result is:
irritant contact dermatitis
​Which of these is NOT an example of an extrinsic skin-aging factor?
ethnicity
​Which extrinsic skin-aging factor has the greatest impact on how skin ages?
sun exposure
When should you apply sunscreen?​
​at least 30 minutes before sun exposure
​Which term refers to an inflammation of the skin caused by touching certain chemicals or substances?
contact dermatitis
The best way to prevent both types of occupational contact dermatitis is to:​
​wear gloves when working with irritating chemicals