Unfamiliar Text Terminology
Terms and definitions of unfamiliar text terms required for NCEA
a question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer. Effect: they get the reader thinking; emphasis
An over-exaggeration. Effect: emphasis
A direct comparison for effect. Effect: to describe vividly
A comparison using like or as. Effect: to describe vividly
A play on words based on a word that has one sound but two meanings. Effect: often used for humour and can create an informal/casual tone
A command prompting an action. Effect: depends on context but often creates personality or tone / mood
Language used to manipulate the way an audience feels. Effect: to create empathy and help persuade the audience
Use of personal prounouns to make the audience feel part of a group. Effect: makes the audience feel part of the group
A sentence or phrase taken from a well-known source. Used due to familiarity purposes. Effect: reinforce/emphasis tone
A phrase that has been over-used, it has now lost its original meaning, effectiveness. Effect: often used for humour
Short - traditional saying with an underlying moral or message. Effect: to emphasise a point, to develop rhetoric or sometimes for humour
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of a group of words. Effect: emphasis; creates rhythm and sound effects
Repetition of vowel sounds at the end of consecutive words. Effect: to create sound effects, rhythm, emphasis
An indirect reference to a well-known person, story, idea, event. Effect: adds new and often deeper meaning to the piece of writing
Repeating a key word or idea for emphasis. Effect: emphasis; create rhythm
A describing word. Effect: to modify and make more precise the description of something
A word that is written the way it sounds. Effect: create real sound
Informal language gives a sense of familiarity or informality. Effect: casual atmosphere, realistic dialogue and personality created
Words that are specific to a certain topic or field. Effect: sounds expert, creates accuracy; can exclude those who don't understand it
Telling a harsh truth in a gentle way. Effect: can be used for superstitious/religious/political reasons or to reveal character/personality
A sequence of names, objects, descriptions, phrases etc. Effect: emphasis, image creation
Specific factual figures regarding a relevant topic. Effect: can help convince the audience
When inanimate objects are given human qualities. Effect: to give an object personality
Another name for a verse. Effect: to help give structure to a poem
The beat of a line caused by stressed and unstressed syllables. Effect: rhythm to create mood
A naming word. Effect: creates images
An action or doing word. Effect: create movement / action
A word that describes a verb. Effect: to modify and make more precise the description of action.
The mood or feeling of a piece of writing. Effect: reveals the narrator's/writer's attitude toward the material
Using more formal words to help create a formal tone in a piece of writing or in a speech. Effect: formal atmosphere, dialogue and personality created
Very informal language used to identify with a particular sub-culture. Effect: casual atmosphere, realistic dialogue and personality created
Using words that have a strong appeal to one or more of the sense. Effect: conveys sensory impressions for a more vivid story
Adjectives that indicate the highest degree of something. Effect: emphasis
The way in which something is written. Eg) First person, second person, third person narration. Effect: the narrator's personality, ideas and beliefs can influence how the story is told
A fixed mental impression that everyone can relate to. Effect: helps the reader quickly identify who the writer's talking about
Sentences that are short and incomplete. Effect: often gives a text an informal tone.
When a writer knows their audience and will appeal to them so that they come across very popular.
Shortening of words in informal speech and writing. Cannot is shortened to can't. Effect: often gives a text an informal tone.
is the emotional association which many words have and they mean different things to different people. Effect: to create mood, to influence tone, to persuade
variations of the same comparison used in one piece of writing. Effect: to create a linked and complex description.
something that stands for something else. Effect: a universal shortcut to meaning
conversation between two or more people reported as it is said. Effect: creates character through voice; reveals relationships
two things placed very closely together. Effect: to link two things together
Repetition of identical or closely similar sounds. Effect: to link, to create rhythm
Audience & purpose
The demographic, gender, interests etc. of an audience and why a text is written, to persuade, express, entertain or inform
What the text is actually about e.g. opinions, themes, action, examples.
The different types of language features used in a text for effect.
Structure & organisation
The development, contrast, repetition or point-of-view in a text
A short and amusing or interesting account, which may depict a real incident or person
True information contained in a text
A personal view, attitude, or appraisal.
A figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point
A grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time
Pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person - first person (as I), second person (as you), or third person (as he, she, it).
Personally identifiable information
A rhetorical device that consists of repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses, thereby lending them emphasis
The portion of an ode sung by the chorus in its returning movement from west to east, in response to the strophe, which was sung from east to west
Using the same pattern of words to show that two or more words or ideas are of equal importance and to help the reader comprehend what is being written.
State or assert that something is the case, typically without providing evidence or proof.
The turning point of a narrative work is its point of highest tension or drama or when the action starts in which the solution is given.
The use of a term or name for the person spoken to, as in securing the attention of that person; use of a vocative form.