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religion chapter 7 study guide Owens
Terms in this set (20)
strongest possible pledge or agreement between two parties
decision to ignore the belief that god has revealed
mental disposition that either neglects revealed truth or willfully refuses to assent to it
outright denial by baptized person of some truth about god or faith we must believe
total rejection of jesus christ by baptized christians
refusal to submit to the pope's authority and remain in union with members of the catholic church
worship of false gods
attempts to unveil what god wants hidden by calling up demonic powers
profane treatment of sacraments
buying or selling spiritual goods
belief that defies human potential to exclusion of any belief in god
belief that physical material world is the only reality and spiritual existence, faith, and values are illusions
speaking words of hate, defiance, or reproach against god
first three of the ten commandments
1 - I am the lord your god, thou shall not have strange gods before me
2 - thou shall not say the lords name in vain
3 - keep holy the sabbath
explain and discuss the theological virtues of faith: what is it, what does it enable us to do, how can we grow in faith, and what are the temptations that threaten the gift of faith?
1 - faith is the theological virtue that empowers us to say yes to god
2 - enables us to believe everything that god has revealed to us because of his divine authority through the holy church and in scripture. it is a journey that involves sharing and living w other believers.
3 - we grow through prayer, sacraments, reading the bible, studying our faith, and associating with other believers
4 - voluntary doubt, schism, incredulity, heresy, apostasy
explain and discuss the theological virtues of hope: what is it, what does it enable us to do, how can we grow in faith, and what are the temptations that threaten the gift of hope?
1 - trust in god that he will keep his promises, particularly with the promise of eternal life and salvation for those who believe in god
2 - gives us strength in the midst of trials and the ability to work for gods kingdom
3 - we grow by asking god to increase his virtue, participate in the eucharist and avoid worry
4 - despair, presumption
explain and discuss the theological virtue of charity: what is it, what does it enable us to do, how can we grow in charity, and what are the temptations that threaten the gift of charity?
1 - mother of all virtues, agape love, foundation of christian life
2 - love god above everything and to love our neighbor as ourselves
3 - practicing obedience, reverence, and sacrifice in our relationship with god and others
4 - ingratitude, indifference, lukewarmness, hatred of god
explain and discuss atheism and agnosticism. how do they contradict the virtue of religion, and what are some of the forms of modern non-belief in god?
1 - atheism is denying the existence of god. agnosticism claims that gods existence cannot be proved
2 - they reject, deny, and or ignore god
3 - communism, materialism, humanism
explain and discuss the offenses against the second commandment. be sure to include an explanation and discussion of terms such as swearing, vulgar, obscenity, cussing, and vulgarity, and how they relate to the second commandment
1 - breaking promises in vain of gods name, blasphemy, taking the lords name in vain, swearing, obscenity, cussing, vulgarity
2 - SWEARING: secular indifference to religion
VULGARITY: characterized by ignorance
OBSCENITY: offensive by accepted standards of morality and decency
CUSSING: series of words calling for harm to come to someone
3 - shows no respect towards god
explain a) why the sabbath day is a day of rest and b) why christians celebrate sunday as the lords day. how can christians sanctify this day, and what would be some offenses against honoring the lords day?
a - bc god rests on the seventh day
b - jesus' resurrection happened on sunday
c - by praying, going to mass, celebrating with family and friends
d - refusing to worship god, go to church, and doing unnecessary work, directly going against god
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