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Billy Bishop

Canada's most famous flying ace

Vimy Ridge

Canada's most significant battle of the war, fought in 1917, ended with the capture of a ridge after French and British forces had failed


forced military service


the battle where the Germans introduced poison gas, Canadians stood their ground while other troops retreated

Ross Rifle

the Canadian-made weapon that tended to jam in muddy conditions of France

"over the top"

Expression referring to climbing out of a trench or over the front edge of the trench to begin moving across no man's land.

Franz Ferdinand

archduke of austria who was assassinated by Serbian nationalist; sparked WWI

Sam Hughes

Minister of Militia during WWI, left government because he was accused of profiteering

Victory Bonds

Bonds sold by the government during World War 1 to help raise revenue for the war effort

Robert Borden

PM during World War I

no man's land

the area between opposing trenches

Triple Alliance

Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry

Triple Entente

An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.


Most powerful warship, created by the British, led to arms race

Wartime Elections Act

granted the vote to the mothers, sisters, and wives of soldiers in the Armed Forces

Military Service Act

this act, introduced by Borden, made enlistment compulsory

Arthur Currie

first Canadian promoted to general after victory at Vimy Ridge. became commander of all Canadian corps.

War Measure's Act

gave the government sweeping powers to ensure "the security, defence, peace, order, and welfare of Canada"

War Guilt Clause

part of the Treaty of Versailles that stated that Germany was solely responsible for World War I


payment for damages after a war, imposed on Germany after WWI

Wilfred Laurier

Frist French-Canadian prime minister.

Boer War

war fought between the British and the Dutch in South Africa. Britian requested Canada's help, French Canadians were against providing help

Naval Bill

Introduced by Laurier, created Canada's first navy

Halifax Explosion

(1917) Caused by the collision of the Imo and the munitions ship, Mont Blanc. The resulting explosion caused nearly 2000 deaths in Halifax and leveled a large part of the city.

Alaska Boundary Dispute

territorial dispute between US and Canada. Britain sided with the US in settling the boundary


the extension of a nation's power over other lands. One of the causes of WWI


the belief that your national culture and interests are superior to any other

the Somme

battle that decimated the Newfoundland army


groups of ships that were escorted across the Atlantic by warships for safety

enemy aliens

Immigrants in Canada from the Triple Alliance nations who were considered a threat to the Canadian war effort in World War 1

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