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30 terms

World War One Review

STUDY
PLAY
Billy Bishop
Canada's most famous flying ace
Vimy Ridge
Canada's most significant battle of the war, fought in 1917, ended with the capture of a ridge after French and British forces had failed
conscription
forced military service
Ypres
the battle where the Germans introduced poison gas, Canadians stood their ground while other troops retreated
Ross Rifle
the Canadian-made weapon that tended to jam in muddy conditions of France
"over the top"
Expression referring to climbing out of a trench or over the front edge of the trench to begin moving across no man's land.
Franz Ferdinand
archduke of austria who was assassinated by Serbian nationalist; sparked WWI
Sam Hughes
Minister of Militia during WWI, left government because he was accused of profiteering
Victory Bonds
Bonds sold by the government during World War 1 to help raise revenue for the war effort
Robert Borden
PM during World War I
no man's land
the area between opposing trenches
Triple Alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
Triple Entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
dreadnought
Most powerful warship, created by the British, led to arms race
Wartime Elections Act
granted the vote to the mothers, sisters, and wives of soldiers in the Armed Forces
Military Service Act
this act, introduced by Borden, made enlistment compulsory
Arthur Currie
first Canadian promoted to general after victory at Vimy Ridge. became commander of all Canadian corps.
War Measure's Act
gave the government sweeping powers to ensure "the security, defence, peace, order, and welfare of Canada"
War Guilt Clause
part of the Treaty of Versailles that stated that Germany was solely responsible for World War I
reparations
payment for damages after a war, imposed on Germany after WWI
Wilfred Laurier
Frist French-Canadian prime minister.
Boer War
war fought between the British and the Dutch in South Africa. Britian requested Canada's help, French Canadians were against providing help
Naval Bill
Introduced by Laurier, created Canada's first navy
Halifax Explosion
(1917) Caused by the collision of the Imo and the munitions ship, Mont Blanc. The resulting explosion caused nearly 2000 deaths in Halifax and leveled a large part of the city.
Alaska Boundary Dispute
territorial dispute between US and Canada. Britain sided with the US in settling the boundary
imperialism
the extension of a nation's power over other lands. One of the causes of WWI
nationalism
the belief that your national culture and interests are superior to any other
the Somme
battle that decimated the Newfoundland army
convoys
groups of ships that were escorted across the Atlantic by warships for safety
enemy aliens
Immigrants in Canada from the Triple Alliance nations who were considered a threat to the Canadian war effort in World War 1