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Chapter 2: Ancient Civilizations
Terms in this set (41)
China's heartland or center of civilization is ____.
North China Plain
China's first cities arose along the ____ where yellow silt, or ____ made the valley fertile.
Huang He River(Yellow River)
Chinese civilization was shaped largely by the ____ dynasty that ruled for 500 years and was the first family of rulers to leave open records.
The supreme God during China's first several hundred years as a civilization was ____, who along with other gods was consulted through the use of ____.
Around 1027 B.C., the ____ overthrew the ____ dynasty, claiming that their actions were justified by heavenly powers.
The rise, decline, and replacement of families of rulers is called
The hugeness of China's territory prompted its rulers to establish a system known as ____ in which all land is owned by the emperor, but nobles are granted rights to use it in exchange for their loyalty.
After an invasion of nomads from the north, the ____ dynasty fell from power although it pretended to rule from the city of Luoyang for another 500 years.
Explain the 6 parts of the Dynastic Cycle in China
1. A strong dynasty establishes peace and prosperity.
2. Dynasty declines and taxes are raised.
3. Disasters such as flood, famine, peasant revolts, and invasions occur.
4. Old dynasty is seen as having lost it's approval.
5. Dynasty is overthrown through rebellion and bloodshed.
6. New dynasty takes charge and restores peace in order.
Ruins of settlements in the "Indus Valley" show that the buildings were constructed of oven-baked bricks.
Because of its size and the presence of mountains that separate it from the rest of Asia, the land mass that contains India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and nepal is referred to as a "continent"
Monsoons are "seasonal floods"that occur with regularity and have a great effect on India.
The term Harappan civilization is sometimes used to refer to the civilization of the entire "Indus Valley"
The "Ganges River" flooded unpredictably and sometimes changed its course.
Kalibangan and Mohenjo-Daro were "major cities" in the Indus Valley.
One fact about the Harappan culture: Agriculture
This culture was based on agriculture.
One fact about the Harappan culture: language
Harappan language was made up of about 400 symbols
One fact about the Harappan culture: Culture
Few weapons suggested that conflict was limited in the culture
One fact about the Harappan culture: Religion
Archaeologists believe the culture was a theocracy but no temple was found
One fact about the Harappan culture: Trade
Trading began as early as 2600 BC and continued until 1800 BC
The main purpose of the pyramids of Egypt was to function as ___
The cataracts along the Nile River are most similar to
Ancient Egypt was protected by natural barriers formed by
The theocracy of Ancient Egypt was a belief in the divinity of
The process of mummification was connected to the Egyptian belief in
Papyrus was used as a surface for the Egyptian writing system called
The legendary figure Narmer is famous for being
the first ruler of a united Egypt
Role of the King in Mesopotamia
considered representatives of the Gods
Role of the King in Egypt
were the Gods
Pharaoh's Role in Egypt
-Center of Egypt's religion as well as government and army
-bore full responsibility for kingdom's well being
Belief in many gods
Part of the area between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea duffers from the surrounding territory in the richness/fertility of its land
Creator of the world's first empire
The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
This is the political unit that operates similarly to an independent kingdom, although it shares a culture with other areas.
This is the result of uniting several peoples, nations, or formerly independent states under one ruler.
This is the series of rulers, all from the same family
This is the process by which the ideas, beliefs, and products of one people are shared with and accepted by another people.
This region, about the size of Massachusetts, was the site of the first civilization.
This is a legendary king of Mesopotamia whose adventures are detailed in one of the world's earliest works of literature
Facts about Hammurabi's Code
-recognized that a single, uniform code of laws would help unify the diverse groups within his empire.
-engraved in stone
-copies placed all over his empire
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