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U 7 South Asia (Jennings)
Terms in this set (125)
About ________, a large piece of land broke off the landmass of Africa.
160 million years ago
This landmass collided with the ________ about _______.
southern edge of Asia, 50 million years ago
Over time, the collision of these two landmasses created the world's highest mountains- _________.
The Himalayas stretch ________
The Himalayas include the tallest mountain in the world __________ at _________
Mount Everest, 29,028 feet
The Himalayas separate ________, creating a subcontinent.
south Asia form the rest of Asia
a large landmass that is part of the continent but still distinct from it
At the foot of the Himalayas lies the ________, which is the longest alluvial plain in the world.
What is India's most densely populated area?
the Gangetic Plain
What two ranges divide India into northern and southern regions?
Vindhya and Satpura Ranges
What country lies to northwestern edge of the Indian subcontinent
To the north of Pakistan lies the what two ranges?
Hindu Kush and the Kara Koram Ranges
Within the Kara Koram Range, lies _______ which towers at 28,250 feet
how tall is K2?
what is the second largest mountain in the world?
The only place to pass through these mountains is the ________ in northwestern Pakistan along the border of Afghanistan.
where is the Khyber Pass located?
northwestern Pakistan along the border of Afghanistan
In the eastern portion of the country of Pakistan is the _______ and the subsequent _______
Indus River, Indus River Valley
The Indus River Valley forms which two alluvial plains?
The Punjab in the north and the Sind in the south
What country lies to the northeastern edge of south Asia.
Describe Bangladesh's land.
very flat and low, reaching only 30 feet above sea level
The land of Bangladesh is cut by what two rivers as they are referred to in the west?
Ganges and the Brahma Putra Rivers
What are the Ganges and the Brahma Putra Rivers called in the country of Bangladesh?
Padma and Jamuna
The countries of _______ and ________ sit on the Northern Fringes of South Asia within the lofty Himalaya.
The Himalaya's are broken into three regions: ____________
the Greater Himalaya to the north, the Lesser Himalaya in the center, and the Outer Himalaya to the south
Nepal has four geographic zones: __________
the Tarai Plain, the Churia and Mahabharat Ranges, the Lesser Himalaya, and the Greater, and the Black Mountain Range
Within the _______ are mountains called dwars, meaning ______ which gave the name to the plains.
Duars Plains, doors
________ is an island within two regions.
The first region of Sri Lanka is a triangle shaped mountain range in the south central part of the island called the ________.
The second is a plain that _______.
covers most of the island,
Sri Lanka's highest point is _______ at ______ feet.
Mount Pidurutagia, 8,281
The ______ are a scattered collection of 1200 islands grouped in _______ atolls with barrier reefs.
How many islands make of the Maldives?
An ______ is a coral reef formed at the edge of a volcano that has sunk beneath the ocean.
The highest point on Maldives is ___ feet above sea level, while no island is larger than ______.
8, 5 square miles
The Himalayas source three major river systems: ______
The Ganges, The Brahmaputra, and the Indus
The Ganges River basin covers an area of _______ square miles.
The Ganges River is named after the _________, and the river is very sacred to the ______.
Hindu Deity Ganga, Hindus
During the summer, monsoons cause the Ganges to ________.
swell and flood its banks
What are the four main rivers that run through Nepal?
the Baghmati, the Cosi, the Gandak, and the Karnali
the four main rivers that run through Senegal are tributaries to the _____________
what are the four main rivers in Bhutan?
the Torsa, the Raidak, the Sankosh, and the Mansa
the main rivers in Bhutan are tributaries to the ________
While Sri Lanka has dozens of major rivers, the longest is the _________
what happens to the Mahawei in Sri Lanka during the rainy season?
it swells and is used for irrigating fields
which island has no rivers, and where does it get its water from?
what three things affect India's climate?
the shape of the subcontinent, the proximity to the equator, and the Indian Ocean
what causes monsoon winds in India?
The difference in air temperature over the land mass and the Indian Ocean
what do monsoon winds do?
create rainfall, dividing distinct wet and dry seasons
what two things affect the amount of rain monsoon winds bring?
landforms and location
what happens when rain sweeps across the Ganges-Brahma Putra Delta?
the Himalayas block rain clouds from moving north and instead soak the Gangetic Plain
what is the center of India called, where is it located, and what type of vegetation does it have?
the Deccan Plateau, is between the Eastern and Western Gnats and is semi-arid steppe vegetation
what is the driest part of India and where is it located?
the Thar Desert, east of the Indus River
describe the vegetation in the That Desert
desert scrub with low thorny trees and grasses
why does south Asia fall victim to many types of natural disasters?
Because of the temperature fluctuation on the Indian subcontinent and the proximity to the volatile Indian Ocean
a storm with heavy rains and high winds that blow in a circular pattern around an area of low atmospheric pressure
Cyclones are much like hurricanes of the Atlantic and bring what?
torrential rains with winds up to 100 miles per hour
a huge sea wave caused by an under-sea earthquake
where did the word tsunami originate?
how much of India is forest?
what causes vegetation type to vary?
the amount of rainfall
In the heartland of India, is the _______ zone that receives up to _____ inches of rainfall annually
Generally, the humid subtropical zone of India has what kind of vegetation?
tropical evergreen and mixed evergreen deciduous forests
Northwest India receives less than ______ inches of rain in desert areas
the central southern subcontinent of India receives _____ inches of rain annually
describe the vegetation of the central southern subcontinent of India
steppe, covered largely in scrub, acacia, and palm trees
what does India have a wide variety of?
what are some kinds of large mammals in India?
elephants, Indian rhinoceroses, and several subspecies of tiger
what other kinds of animals inhabit India?
monkeys, birds such as cranes, herons, flamingos, and peacocks
what is the national bird of India?
how many climate zones do Nepal and Bhutan have?
The _______ in Nepal and ________ of Bhutan have a humid subtropical climate.
While the lower hills and mountains have a ______ temperature climate with summer ______ and _____ winters.
warm, rain, dry
The Higher Mountains have a _________ climate with cool temperature.
areas above 16,000 feet have an _________ climate year round
________ varies in the climate zone with different types of forests
name and describe the different types of forests
tropical forest covering the lowlands, deciduous forest in the lower hills, and in the mountains are coniferous forests
Above _______ feet, grasses cover the land
what kinds of animals roam the lowlands?
Elephants, rhinoceros, deer, and tigers
what are Nepal's mineral resources? (4)
coal, iron ore, copper, and limestone
How does Bhutan make use of its rivers?
with hydroelectric power
what is an example of Bhutan's rivers being used for hydroelectic power and when did this project begin?
Chhukha project which began in 1980
what kind of climate does the Maldives have and describe its seasons
humid subtropical with a hot monsoon season and dry season
what types of plants grow in the Maldives?
coconut palms and breadfruit trees
what types of things live in the ocean around Maldives?
tropical fish live in the coral reefs, while tuna and sea turtles swim in the deeper waters
what is the Maldives' most precious resource and what does it provide?
its natural beauty, providing tourism and fishing
Sri Lanka has _______ temperatures throughout the year in the ________, while the ________ are much _______.
warm, lowlands, Central Highlands, cooler
what types of vegetation does Sri Lanka have?
a mix of rainforest, deciduous, and upland grasses
what kinds of wildlife does Sri Lanka have?
elephants, sloth bears, buffalo, and a variety of birds
what is Sri Lanka a major producer of and what is this product used for?
graphite used to make the "lead" in pencils
India's history dates back more than ________ years to the _______ Civilization located in modern day ________.
4500, Indus Valley, Pakistan
What is significant about the Indus River Valley Civilization?
it was one of the five original culture hearths
After the IVC, who occupied India from 2000 BC?
the Aryans group of hunter-gatherers
when did the Aryans group of hunter-gatherers occupy India?
what did the Aryans create?
a rigid social structure based on castes
social position into which a person is born
The Aryans' sacred writings are the _______, which are the basis for the jati and the Hindu religion.
what are the Vedas the basis for?
the jati and the Hindu religion
What happened beginning in the 1490s?
Europeans arrived to trade in India
Eventually the ________ employed a policy of _________ or the theory or practice of merchant or trading pursuits.
British East India Company, mercantilism
what happened under the merchantalism system?
colonies supplied raw materials to the colonizing country which then sold finished goods back to the colony
The British policy of ________ is the actions by which one country is able to extent power to control another country.
Britain ruled over India calling it the British raj, which is the Hindu word for __________
Through the peaceful nonviolent protest of the Indian people led by ________, India won its independence in ______.
Mohandas K. Gandhi, 1947
How did Britain divide the country of India?
into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan
who were the first recorded ruling elite region of Bhutan?
Buddhist monks fleeing Tibet in 800 AD
The ______ or highest level monk rules.
Lama (Dala Lama)
Bhutan has largely been an ______ country.
Today Bhutan is a ________ and held its first elections in _______.
constitutional monarchy, 2008
Modern Nepal was founded in _____, with the _______ Dynasty
what did the Narayan Dynasty do to Nepal?
isolated it from the rest of the world
Nepal's skilled disciplined soldiers called ______ and were recruited and served in the ________ armies.
Gurkhas, British and Indian
What happened in Nepal in the 1950s?
the Narayan were overthrown
After much conflict today, Nepal is a _______.
what happened in the Maldives starting in the 1500s?
switched hands between the Portuguese and the British
after what year did the Maldives decide to stay under the British empire?
what happened in Maldives in 1965?
gained its independence and became a democratic republic
Sri Lanka was first settled in ________ by the _________, followed by the ________ people.
400 BC, Sinhalese, Tamil
The Sinhalese and the Tamils have been _______ ever since settling Sri Lanka
where and the Tamils and Sinhalese located in Sri Lanka?
the Tamils in the north and the Sinhalese in the south
when did the British control Sri Lanka?
starting in 1815
what did the British develop in Sri Lanka
an economy in coffee, tea, rubber, and coconuts
what happened in Sri Lanka in 1948?
gained its independence
at the time when Sri Lanka gained its independence what was the island called?
After many civil wars between the Tamils and the Sinhalese, the country has adopted a ________ form of government.
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