Chapter 26 The Cold War
Terms in this set (40)
United Nations (UN)
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
Compare and contrast the Soviets and the US
- voting by people
- upset that Soviet Union didn't keep Yalta Conference promise to have free elections and democratic parties in Poland
- wants to create new world order where nations have right of self-determination
- wants to gain access to raw materials and industries
- wants to rebuild European gov to create stability and new markets for US good
- wants to reunite Germany so that Europe can be more secure
- established totalitarian government
- upset at the delay in attacking Germany in WW ll and keeping atomic bomb a secret
- wants to encourage communism in other countries
- wants to rebuild economy using eastern Europe's raw materials and equipment
- wants to control Eastern Europe to balance US influence in Western Europe
- wants to keep Germany weak to prevent future threats
Was the last of the WW ll meetings held by the Bug Three including Truman.
A country that is dominated politically and economically by another nation.
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
a "curtain" split between the democratic nations and communist nations
the power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States after World War II
1947 - Stated that the U.S. would support any nation threatened by Communism.
Plan that was not aimed against anyone but rather for people to be helped
The Allies response to the Soviets blockade of West Berlin. Sent airplanes bringing food, fuel, medicine and Christmas gifts.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
defensive military alliance
Dividing line between North and South Korea
After North Korea invades South Korea in 1950
General Douglas MacArthur
UN forces supreme commander
HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee)
The most famous agency to investigate Communist influence in the US was the
The 10 people who refused to testify
A list of people or products viewed with suspicion or disapproval.
Accused of spying for the Soviet Union
the systematic use of spies to get military or political secrets
Lying under oath
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
Activists in the American Communist Party who were executed as spies
Senator of Wisconsin jumps on communist issue
the term that described McCarthy
the fear of nuclear war were present in the US for the next 30 years
Dwight D. Eisenhower, "Ike"
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe.
A policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
used spies to carry out covert operations and gather information
Stalin dies in
Seven Eastern European countries alliance
Proposal of Eisenhower for mutual air surveillance of the U.S.A.'s and USSR's build up of arms
Aggressive Soviet leader, wants communism to take over and whose failed gamble of putting missiles in Cuba cost him his job
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
a Russian artificial satellite
U.S. spy plane shot down by the Soviets
the downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960
Nationalist Chinese leader
Chinese communist leader