15 terms

Vocabulary #23

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Appeasement
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
Lend-Lease Act
The law passed by the U.S. allowing us to give aid to our Allies in early WWII
Atlantic Charter
Pledge signed by US president FDR and Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
Civil Defense
Activities organized by civilians for their own protection in time of war or disaster
Rosie the Riveter
Symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war.
D-Day
Allied invasion of the beaches at Normandy (France) that allowed further strategy to fight the Germans in France
Manhattan Project
Code name for the U.S. effort during World War II to produce the atomic bomb.
Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
1945; bombing of Japan 2ese cities with nuclear weapons by the United States with the intention of preventing an invasion of the home islands of Japan and speed up a surrender.
Internment Camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
Executive Order
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
Korematsu v. US
1944, Supreme Court ruled that the internment of Japanese Americans was a "military necessity"
Allied Powers
France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II
Harry S. Truman
• Made decision to drop two atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 to end World War II
• Began the policy of containment of communism
Holocaust
The organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII
Nuremberg War Crimes Trials
Series of trials in Germany, in which an international military tribunal convicted Nazi leaders of war crimes
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