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Chapter One Terms and Definitions


a group of words that expresses a complete thought


a group of words that does not express a complete thought

run-on error

results from writing two or more sentences together as one.


tells who or what the sentence is about

simple subject

the main part of the complete subject


tells what the subject does or is

simple predicate

the main part of the complete predicate

sentence skeleton

consists of a simple subject and a simple predicate

character sketch

a description that emphasizes one outstanding characteristic of an individual

direct object

a noun or pronoun that completes a sentence skeleton by receiving the action of a verb

indirect object

a noun or pronoun that helps to complete a sentence skeleton by telling TO WHOM OR WHAT, OR FOR WHOM OR WHAT an action is performed

object complements

direct and indirect objects

predicate nominative

a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and RENAMES the subject

predicate adjective

following a linking verb and MODIFIES the subject

subjective complements

predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives

noun of direct address

names the person or thing to whom one is speaking


a noun or pronoun that immediately follows another noun or pronoun to identify or explain it


1. Check for mistakes in spelling, capitalization, punctuation, and grammar
2. Delete any unnecessary material.
3. Check for missing words.
4. Correct any transpositions.
5. Divide the composition properly into paragraphs.

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