31 terms

Womens History


Terms in this set (...)

Women Legally Dead
-Stemmed, in part, from the belief that Eve had unleashed sin into the world(her falling prey to the snares of the devil implied all women were weak.)
-evidenced by the fact that women could not vote, sue, or run a business unless they received permission from their husbands.
-Womens loss of legal status upon being married was, under English and American law, known as coverture.
-considered women to be visible only during birth, marriage and death
- depended on women to be civilized while raising children, which created a need for laws, schools, and churches.
-required women to physically and emotionally contribute to the colonial landscape(forest to farmland)Chesapeake Bay area, 3/4 of children lost a parents before Turing 21. and in the south, where 5/8 of children did not survive into adulthood.
Abigail Adams
Wrote to her husband, John, "remember the ladies" when framing the new republic's government
Mary Wollstonecraft
published "A Vindication of Rights of Women" known as the "feminist bible" it linked feminism to the american idealistic's
Lucy Stone
American suffragist who helped pass the 13th amendment and founded the American Women Suffrage Association NAWSA with Susan b Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
The Seneca falls convention
the first womens rights convention in US history (1948)
Progressive Era reformers and areas of reform
3 main groups:
Suffragettes: focused on women gaining the right to vote-Susan B Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Social Feminists: sought to vote and additional social reforms- Florence Kelley(women and child labor); Jane Adams(settlement houses); Margaret Sanger(birth control); Carrie Chapman Catt(National American women suffrage association;world peace)

Radical Feminists: demanded total equality with men - Alice Paul (equal rights amendment)
The women Suffrage movement
Who-Suffraigist (being advocating for it)
Where- The US
when- 1848(Seneca Falls Convention) started
why- they believed women deserved the same political rights as men
"The woman question"
catchphrase used to refer to the debate over the role of women in society.
Department stores and RFD
retail establishments that carry a wide variety of goods. Came with was growing urban populations
Rural Free Delivery- the united states post office began offering too any groups of farmers who petitioned their congressman.
Rosie the riverter
a cultural icon representing the American woman who worked in factories during World War II. They were strong and didn't need a man
Post-WWII Women's roles
The birth rate went up-the big boom. so the roles were as mothers and wives
Consciousness raising groups of 1970's: issues?
Demands of the National organization for women
Advocates unfettered right to taxpayer-funded abortion-on-demand
Seeks to "eradicate racism, sexism and homophobia" from American society
Attacks Christianity and traditional religious values and conservative ideas
Supports gender-based preferences for women
history and components of Equal rights amendment
Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
1960's and 70's women's movement legislation
Equal rights amendment- never ratified
Equal Pay act
made it illegal for employers to pay female workers less than men for the same job
Title IX
The right for women to play sports in federally funded places (schools)
Equal Credit Opportunity
Gives all applicants the same rights. Credit providers may not discriminate based on: Age, Social Security, Housing loans.
Title VII
Civil Rights Act of 1964—forbids discrimination based on sex, race, color, national origin, or religion.
Roe vs. Wade
Supreme Court declared abortion to be a private decision, Right to Abortion
women's current income levels, state and national
National: 73 cents for every dollar a man makes
Wisconsin: 68 cents for every dollar
key figures from the women's movement: issues and significance
campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage.Their impact was significant and useful, bring public support and demand for improved conditions.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
Lucretia Mott
was an American Quaker minister, abolitionist, social reformer and proponent of women's rights. She is credited as the first American "feminist" in the early 1800s but was, more accurately, the initiator of women's political advocacy.
Susan B Anthony
social reformer who campaigned for womens rights, the temperance, and was an abolitionist, helped form the National Woman Suffrage Assosiation
alice paul
A suffragette who believed that giving women the right to vote would eliminate the corruption in politics.
margaret sanger
founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
Eleanor Roosevelt
expanded womens roles in government, says it will help child welfare and education
Betty Friedan
wrote "Feminist Mestique" - problem with unhappy housewives. also known as "the feminist bible"
Dr Spock
Was a 1950's doctor who told the whole baby boom generation how to raise their kids. He also said that raising them was more important and rewarding than extra $ would be.