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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Range of Tolerance (1)
  2. Terrestrial (1)
  3. Decomposer (1)
  4. Primary Consumer (1)
  5. Ecological Efficiency (1)
  1. a The efficiency with which energy is transfered from one trophic level to another (ex. 20 units of energy are produced are trophic level 1; one half of that is lost to non-predatory death, while the other half is ingested by trophic level 2; one half of the amount ingested is expelled through defecation while the other half is ingested by trophic level 3).
  2. b Organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms that carry out of the process of decomposition (ex. fungi and worms).
  3. c A consumer in which they get their energy from the consumption of plants (ex. cows, moose, and rabbits).
  4. d The range of conditions in which an organism can survive and thrive (sig. can mathematically predict the amount of a population with given standards in an ecosystem).
  5. e An animal that lives predominantly or entirely on land which evolved from marine animals (ex. cats, dogs, giraffes).

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. The Biogeochemical cycle of which carbon is exchanged throughout the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and the atmosphere (sig. Helps scientific researches discover where large amounts of carbon are stored i.e. the ocean contains the largest active pool of carbon near the surface of earth).
  2. A biological environment consisting of all the organisms living in a particular area as well as non-living components interact with the organisms as well (ex. terrestrial ecosystem, aquatic ecosystem, and artificial ecosystem).
  3. An ecological or environmental inhabited by a particular species of organism (ex. African elephant habitats spread throughout Africa and Microhabitats)
  4. A transition area between two adjacent but different plant communities (ex. reed beds tend to accumulate organic matter which is then colonized by trees, forcing the reeds further into the lake).
  5. Climatically and geographically defined as similar climatic conditions on earth and often referred to as "ecosystems" (ex. Tundra, tropical rain forest, and Taiga).

5 True/False questions

  1. Permeability (1)A measure of the ability of a porous material to transmit fluids (sig. Determines the flow characteristics of hydrocarbons in oil and gas reservoirs).

          

  2. Aerobic Respiration (2)A way for an organism to produce usable energy in the form of ATP without the presence of Oxygen (ex. glucose + 3NO3- + 3H2O 6HCO3- + 3NH4+, ΔG0' = -1796 kJ) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anaerobic_respiration#Examples_of_anaerobic_respiration).

          

  3. Genetic Diversity (1)An index that incorporates the number of species in an area and also their relative abundance (ex. Simpsons Diversity index: D = (n / N)2)

          

  4. Sulfur Cycle (1)The Biogeochemical cycle of which carbon is exchanged throughout the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and the atmosphere (sig. Helps scientific researches discover where large amounts of carbon are stored i.e. the ocean contains the largest active pool of carbon near the surface of earth).

          

  5. Anaerobic Respiration (2)The release of energy from glucose or another organic substrate in the presence of Oxygen (ex. takes place in most living things: to get rid of Carbon Dioxide and excess water this is excretion and maximum energy is released from glucose).

          

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