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Chapter 3 vocabulary (american journey book)

The american journey (2000) Chapter 3. vocabulary
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charter
the right to organize settlements in an area
joint-stock company
investors bought stock in the company in return for a part of profit
burgesses
representatives
dissented
dissagreed with beliefs
persecuted
treated harshly
Puritan
the protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican church
Separatists
those who wanted to leave and find their own churches
Pilgrims
What the Separatists comsidered themselves
Mayflower Compact
a formal documentthat pledged loyalty and declared their intention of forming a civil body politic for their better ordering and preservation
New England Company
group of Puritans who wanted to establish the Mass. Bay Colony
The Great Migration
a religious persecution and economic hard times that forced people to journey to Mass.
toleration
little acceptance
Hartford
town that Hooker founded
Foundamental Orders of Connecticut
first written constitution in america
Roger Williams
a minister who had religious freedom beliefs
John Wheelwright
led group from Mass. to the north
Anne Hutchinson
A woman who was accused because she stated her ideas boldly
Metacomet
chief of the Wampanoag people
King Philip
Also known as the chief of the Wampanoag people
King Philip's War
An attack from the Mohawks that destroyed the Wampanoag people
New Amsterdam
located on Mahatan Island the main settlement for New Netherland
Patroons
wealthy landowners, ruled like kings
Peter Stuyvesant
ruler of the New Netherland people
Duke of York
brother to King Charles II.
New York
Duke of York's new name for New Amsterdam
proprietary colony
a colony in which the owner, or proprietor owned all the land and controlled the government
Lord John Berkely and Sir Greorge Carteret
proprietors who owned New Jersey
William Penn
wealthy english man who wanted to own land in America, pacifist
Quaker
group of dissenters called the society og friends
Pacifists
people who refuse to use forse or fight in wars
Philidelphia
Penn's settlement and known as the city or brotherly love
indentured servants
people who worked for a certain time in return they came to America free
Sir george Calvert/Lord Baltimore
catholic wanted to establish a safe plece for catholics
Potomac River
a river that separates Virginia and Maryland
Baltimore
founded in 1729 was Marylands Port
Nathaniel Bacon
wealthy young planter who set fire to Jamestown
Bacon's rebellion
a time where Nathaniel bacon rebelled against the government
Charleston
a settlement in Carolina
debtors
those unable to repay their debts
Savannah
a town in Georgia
Act of toleration
an act that granted protestants and catholics a right to worship freely,failed
James oglethorpe
general recieved charter to create a colony
Quebec
a french settlement
New France
a royal colony
Jacques Marquette/Louis Joliet
a fur trader and a priest
Robert de la Salle
a person who claimed land for france
Seignuries
estates
Seignerurs
lords who got property if they brought over settlers
tenant farmers
people who were brought over by seigneirs worked for them and paid them
Sante fe
founded by spanish missionaries, soldires,and settlers located in new mexico
Missions
religious settlements used to convert people toa specific faith
Junipero serra
franciscan monk founded san diego, 8 more