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Ch. 12 - United States Law
Terms in this set (41)
Serious crimes; examples include murder, rape, or burglary.
Less serious crimes; example: resisting arrest.
The party bringing the suit in civil cases.
The party against whom the case is brought in civil cases.
An amount that the accused must deposit with the court to be released from jail while awaiting trial.
Bail money; held as security to ensure that the accused will not flee from prosecution
The formal accusation against the accused.
The people who decided if the government has enough evidence to try an accused person
An affidavit or sworn statement in which the state's prosecuting attorney declare that there is sufficient evidence to justify trying the case.
The accused is formally notified of the charges against him or her and is asked to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty.
"I will not contest it." The accused does not deny committing the offense but does deny that the offense involved any moral wrongdoing.
"to speak the truth," the lawyers question each potential juror and may ask the judge to dismiss anyone
The defense lawyer or prosecuting attorney dismissing a juror without giving a reason.
The jury being kept in isolation in an attempt to keep their viewpoint from being influenced by outside information.
A court order requiring a witness's presence.
A jury that is unable to reach a verdict.
A negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge.
Someone found guilty of an offense remains free but under supervision.
Early release from prison after serving part of their sentence.
The death penalty
Being tried twice for the same crime after being found innocent
person responsible for recording the activity in a trial
A speech made by a lawyer to a jury to give an explanation of the case side will attempt to prove.
A speech made by a lawyer in which an attempt is made to summarize the case as presented.
The words used by a judge when he/she agrees with a lawyer who raised an objection.
The words used by a judge when he/she disagrees with a lawyer who raised an objection.
Foundation of Legal System
defendant is innocent until found guilty
giving testimony that can be used against oneself
Person responsible for prosecuting criminal cases
attorney who works for the state and defends people who cannot afford a private attorney
the right and power to interpret and apply the law
sentencing already determined by law
sentencing that may be determined by judge
Process of changing or reforming a criminal through socialization
The interrogation of a witness by his or her attorney
The interrogation of a witness by the opposing party
following established legal procedures
The reason for an arrest, based on the knowledge of a crime and the available evidence.
Belief that a crime either took place, is taking place, or is about to take place
The administrative recording of an arrest
Writ of Habeas Corpus
An order that makes sure prisoners are told why they are being held
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