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Lab Animal Med: Ferrets
Terms in this set (107)
Also known as...
Mustela putorious furo
Stinky weasel thief
Ferrets are prohibited WHERE?
California, Hawaii, Minnesota (Bloomington, and Burnsville), Washington D.C.
Ferret registration required WHERE?
Ferret registration required
Illinois, Minnesota (St. Paul), New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Carolina (legal to own, illegal to sell
The Black footed ferret is also called...
Black footed ferret
North American black -footed ferret
What are ferrets used for in research?
Heliobacter pylori research for Carnivore studies
Neonatal intubation, because their Oropharyngeal anatomy similar to that of an infant
Male ferret is called a....
Female ferrets are called...
The average male ferret weighs?
The average female ferret weighs?
Young ferrets are called...?
T/F: Most young ferrets are sold neutered and descented
Neutered male is called a...
Spayed ferret is called a...
Behavior of a ferret is....
Require lots of attention
Tolerate other animals
TOLERATE leashes and leads
Ferrets are/are not exclusively dirurnal or nocturnal
They are active in early AM and PM but adjust to the owner's schedule
Ferrets sleep on average how many hours in a day?
What human will ferrets possibly attack and you should never leave alone with?
What type of toy should you avoid with ferrets?
Avoid soft latex toys
Ferrets LOVE to do WHAT in general?
Tunnel! They love to enter tight spaces
Will a ferret use a litter box?
Ferrets have a reputation for biting/nipping, T/F
They can be trained to not bite and learn "no", just like kittens, discipline at an early age
How do you carry a ferret?
Encircle the chest, support the hindlimbs
What happens when you scruff a ferret?
Animal will often become relaxed (like a kitten)
Lifespan for ferrets
Body temp of a ferret
100-102 (Temps elevated when stressed or excited to around 104)
Describe ferret dentition
2 (3 incisors, 1/1 canines, 3/3 premolars, 1/2 molars)
What type of stomach does a ferret have?
Similar to humans
Used in Heliobacter research
Permanent teeth erupt WHEN for ferrets?
What does.a ferret GI tract LACK? (X4)
Lack a cecum
Lack an appendix
Lack taeniae coli
Lack ileocolonic sphincter
Does castration and OHE help with the scent of a ferret?
Scent glands are analogous to...?
The apocrine glands in skin do what?
Maintain a musky odor throughout life
Ferret respiratory system consists of ____ left lobes and ____ right lobes
Two left lung loves
FOUR right lung lobes
Ferrets have a long/short trachea
Ferret trachea is large in diameter T/F
How many uterine horns do females have?
What type of ovulates are ferrets?
Induced (30 hours post mating)
What type of estrous does a ferret have?
Seasonal polyestrous (March to August)
During ferret sex, how do the animals behave?
Noisy, romping, female is submissive, male drags female by scruff
How long does ferret sex last?
How to tell a ferret is a male
Great anogenital distance
Open inguinal canals
-Testes retract into abdomen
-Testicle size decreases
What does estrogen do to a ferret?
Suppresses bone marrow
Females not bred may remain in heat HOW LONG?
Up to 6 months
Vulvar swelling decreases if pregnant
Palpated 14 days
How many kits per litter on average?
2-14 per litter
How do kits look when they are born?
Hairless, blind, deaf
When do kits open their eyes?
When do kits start eating solid food?
3 weeks old
Wean a kit WHEN?
6-8 weeks, using softened pellets w/ water
How to house a ferret
Multi- level ideal
Nest box or den
Easier on feet
Rug if on wire mesh
What temp do you keep ferrets at environmentally?
Tolerate colder temps
Keep kits above 60 F
Prone to heat exhaustion
Keep from direct sunlight
What to feed ferrets?
30-35% protein (42% growth)
May feed free choice
Small amounts Fruits, Vegetables
They Cannot digest fiber
What do you need to avoid in a ferret's diet?
Chocolate and milk
How to water a ferret?
Sturdy crock or bowl
Blood collection for a ferret...describe
Lateral saphenous vein
Similar to cat
caudal tail vein
Cranial vena cava and heart
Urine collection for ferrets: HOW?
Ferrets do/do not have cough reflex
No cough reflex
2 ways to administer Oral medication
how much oral medication can you administer at one time?
< 2 ounces
Subcutaneous injection: How much and where?
5-10 mL per site
Distract with Nutircal
Dorsal cervical area
Intraperitoneal injection: How much and where?
Avoid organs, bladder intestines
Caudal abdomen, off midline
Catheters: How much and where?
Cephalic, saphenous, jugular
First at 3 months
Not susceptible to WHAT diseases? (x6)
Mink virus enteritis
Anesthesia protocol for ferrets
With atropine or glycopyrrolate
Euthanasia: HOW? x2
-IV or IP
Carbon dioxide chamber
Common emergencies x5
Gastrointestinal - painful abdomen, weak, dehydrated vomiting, depressed
Campylobacter / Heliobacter
Proliferative bowel disease
Metabolic emergencies x3
Trauma emergencies x4
Fractures / luxations
Proliferative Bowel Disease: Caused by what?
Caused by Campylobacter type organism
Proliferative Bowel Disease: happens to what animals?
Proliferative Bowel Disease: Signs
Proliferative Bowel Disease: Treatment
Proliferative Bowel Disease: What does it do?
Thickening and glandular hyperlasia of mucosal epithelium of colon
Gastritis: Caused by what?
Gastritis: Clinical signs
Gastritis: Does what to the stomach?
Gastritis: How to diagnose?
Gastritis: how to treat? x5
Botulism: Caused by what? (and what type of environment)
No effective treatment
Protect with toxoids
Tuberculosis: Ferrets very susceptible, T/F
Can ferrets catch the flu?
CDV-Canine distemper virus: does it happen in ferrets
100% mortality rate
CDV-Canine distemper virus: Transmission
CDV-Canine distemper virus: Signs
Signs-similar to canine
Mucopurulent discharge from eyes and nose
Aleutian disease: Caused by what?
Aleutian disease: what animals get this?
More chronic in ferret
Very acute in mink
Aleutian disease: Dx
: Aleutian disease: Tx
Aleutian disease: Symptoms
Black tarry stools
Ferret Rabies : Symptoms
Ferret Rabies : Prevention
Follow public health guidelines
Euthanasia and head submission
Parasites Ferrets get x8
Pancreatic beta cell tumor, Aka
Pancreatic beta cell tumor is how common?
One of most common neoplasia
Pancreatic beta cell tumor, Aka insulinoma: Tx
Prednisone - glucogenic
Chronic and usually fatal
Pancreatic beta cell tumor, Aka insulinoma: Dx
Mast Cell tumor causes what?
Most are benign
Surgical excision is curative
Non specific signs
Weight loss anorexia
Less than 1 year acute thymic lymphosarcoma
Aplastic anemia: Happens in what animal, because WHY?
Intact unbred females
Prolonged estrogen exposure
Suppresses bone marrow
Aplastic anemia: signs
Low pcv, thrombocyotpenia
Aplastic anemia: Tx
HYperadrenocorticism :Does what to the body?
Excess adrenal steroids
HYperadrenocorticism : signs
Signs -similar to dog
Pot bellied, alopecia, PU/PD, polyphagia
HYperadrenocorticism : Tx
HYperadrenocorticism : Dx
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