Chapter 16- Integrated Science
Terms in this set (23)
A branch of scientific research that focuses on developing applications built on the principles discovered through basic research.
A branch of scientific research that focuses on a greater understanding of how the natural world operates.
Evaporation in which bubbles form beneath the liquid surface.
The force of attraction between two atoms that holds them together.
A change in which the atoms of one or more substances are rearranged into one or more new substances.
A notation used to indicate the composition of a compund, consisting of the atomic symbols for the different elements of the compound and numerical subscripts indicatiing the ration in which the atoms combine.
A property that characterizes the ability of a substance to undergo a change that transforms it into a different substance.
Synonymous with chemical change.
A material in which atoms of different elements are bonded to one another.
A transformation from a gas to a liquid.
A notation that uses the atomic symbol and (sometimes) a numerical subscript to denote how atoms of the element are bonded together.
A transformation from a liquid to a gas.
A trasformation from a liquid to a solid.
Matter that has neither a definite volume nor a definite shape, always filling any space available to it.
Heat of fusion
The amount of energy needed to change any substance from solid to liquid, which is the same amount of energy released when the substance transforms from a liquid to a solid.
Heat of vaporization
The amount of energy required to change any substance from liquid to gas, which is the same amount of energy released when the substance transforms from a gas to a liquid.
Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape, assuming the shape of its container.
A transformation from a solid to a liquid.
A submicroscopic particle consisting of a group of atoms.
A change in which a substnce changes one or more of its physical properties without transforming it into a new substane.
Any physical attribute of a substance, such as color, density, or hardness.
Matter that has a definite volume and a definite shape.
Refers to the realm of atoms and molecules, which is a realm so small that we are unable to observe it directly with optical microscopes.
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