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Glossary of Nonfiction Terms
Terms in this set (16)
A label or brief explanation that accompanies a photograph or an illustration.
central idea or main idea
A main point the author is making (also called a main idea). The basic idea of what the article is about.
Focus on the central ideas from the text • Omit supporting or minor details • Write only enough to convey the central idea (4-5 sentences maximum) • Organize the information clearly • Restate the information in your own words--DO NOT COPY FROM THE TEXT. You are NOT citing textual evidence like you have practiced in other situations DO NOT include any opinions or personal thoughts.
direct quotation or direct quote
Using the exact words of an author. Direct quotations are always surrounded by quotation marks.
The title of an article
To reword or rephrase something written or spoken by someone else, using your own words. Not surrounded by quotation marks.
The title that comes after the headline and is usually in smaller print that the headline
Details from a text used to support an argument, claim, or controlling idea. Supporting evidence is used in written reading response answers, explanatory essays, argumentative essays. It will be in the form of a direct quotation from the text, or paraphrasing the text evidence.
Supporting evidence that comes from the text you are writing about. It can be in the form of a direct quotation or paraphrase.
Features that help you better understand the informational text (nonfiction). Can include photographs, illustrations, captions, maps, sidebars, headlines, bold print, subheads, tables of content, charts, graphs, bullet points, and glossaries.
The way an author organizes information in a text. (Five main structures: description, sequence, problem solution, cause and effect, compare and contrast.) One text may contain multiple text structures.
description, and transition phrases as context clues
Providing a detailed description to give the reader a mental picture. (for instance, such as, for example, including, is like, to illustrate, listing characteristics)
sequence and transition, phrases and context clues
To list items or events in the order in which they happen (chronological order), or step-by-step directions. (first, second, third, next, then, before, later, finally, now, when, previously, before long)
problem and solution, and transition phrases as context clues
Presents a problem and explains one or more solutions to the problem. (the problem is, the dilemma is, if...then, so that, the answer is)
cause and effect, and transition phrases as context clues
Presents ideas, events, or facts as a cause, and what happens as a result. (so, because, since, therefore, if...then, this led to, reason why, as a result, effect of, consequently)
compare and contrast, and transition phrases as context clues
Provides information about the similarities and differences between two or more people, events, ideas, objects, etc. (same, similar, alike, as well as, although, also, in the same way, either...or, in comparison, but, on the other hand, however, in contrast)
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