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Biochemistry Test Review
Terms in this set (20)
simple sugar; immediate source of energy
table sugar; dissaccaride made of glucose & fructose
Type of Carb: found in the liver and muscles of animals
Type of Carb: found in the cell walls of plants which helps make the plant rigid
Type of Carb: how plants store excess sugar (ex. potatoes)
scientific name for "fat"
long chain of amino acids
type of lipid (fat) that has a carbon skeleton with 4 fused rings (ex. estrogen & testosterone)
DNA & RNA
two types of nucleic acids
type of fatty acid with all single bonds
type of fatty acid with double bonds and is the healthier choice
these link up to form a protein
types of bonds that form amino acids
R-group or side group
The differences between amino acids are in the ____.
The energy needed to get a reaction started is called?
polymers are built (ex. glucose + fructose -> sucrose)
polymers are broken down into monomers (ex. sucrose -> glucose + fructose)
How many bonds can carbon form with other atoms?
glycogen and starch
Which of the following complex carbs (2 of them are correct)? glucose, fructose, starch, DNA, or protein
What is the main fuel supply for cellular work: sugars or lipids?
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