Terms in this set (43)
Rebirth of classical humanism after the Middle Ages. Re-birth of art, culture, and intellect started in Italy.
Belief in human abilities power of the individual. A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements.
Study of human concerns. , Areas of study that focus on human life and culture, such as history, literature, and ethics.
Greek and roman cultures and ideas
Culture centered in cities. A system in which cities are the center of political, economic, and social life.
"Townspeople", new middle class (merchants, bankers, craftsmen)
Wordly as opposed to religioius) focused on the "here and now"
Wealthy supporters of art and artists. A wealthy person who pays artists and writers to produce their work.
Hired soldiers, used often by local rulers/city-states
Lorenzo de Medici
Florence merchant/ruler supporter of artists
"father of humanism" translated ancient manuscripts
An Italian author who wrote the book The Courtier in 1528. He described the ideal Renaissance man and woman.
The Book of the Courtier
Guide to being a well-rounded individual, Written by Castiglione, It wrote out the basic characteristics of a perfect noble or aritocrat
Author of the Prince. Wrote the book The Prince. About how a ruler can gain and keep power. He said that a ruler must do whaterver is necessary to maintain power and order, even tricking his enemies and his own people.
Guide for would-be rulers "end justifies means" .Written by machiavelli, described that power is more important, "better to be feared than loved"
Written in local common language not latin. LIterature not in Latin, used to make statements. Authors became critical of society and its values, and used their vernacular writing to express this
Italian vernacular poet author of the Devine Comedy. Italian poet and Renaissance writer. His greatest work is The Divine Comedy.
English poet wrote Canterbury Tales (1340-1400)
English playwright many famous plays, poems. English poet and playwright considered one of the greatest writers of the English language; works include Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and Hamlet.
Developed printing press. Man who created the printing press and changed the production and reading of books
Mural painted into fresh plaster of a wall.
Use of converging lines to show depth/distance. An artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface.
Use of light and shade to show depth. The treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.
Developed in the Renaissance allowed more mixing of colors.
Identify the political, economic and social factors that helped bring about the Renaissance.
Mediterranean trade center, city-states dominated by the bourgeoise, historical links to the Roman Empire, Support from a wealthy and powerful catholic church
Describe the importance of humanism and classical studies to the Renaissance.
New world view - reawakening of classical study, focus on here and now and individual achievement; spirit of adventure, curiosity; Humanism - focus on worldly ideas/topics and humanities
Explain the significance of Renaissance writers,in particular Castiglione, Machiavelli, and Shakespeare.
General renaissance writing - vernacular language available to more people, focus on humanistic ideas; Castiglione - helped define what a well-rounded individual should know and do; Machiavelli- realistic guide to politics, getting and keeping power - still used today; Shakespeare - universal themes and characters - still read today - "A poet for all time"
Describe the advances made in art during the Renaissance and identify (by artists) a selected list of works of Renaissance art.
Advances: Change from watercolor and tempera to OIL PAINTS. PERSPECTIVE - illusion of 3 -dimensional quality; CHIAROSCURO- use of "lighting" effects. Artists: Leonardo de Vinci (Mona Lisa, The Last Supper); Michelangelo (David, Sistine Chapel Vault Ceiling, Moses); Rembrandt ( The Three Crosses, The Ship of Fools)
Descrive the changes in learning, social classes and women's status that took place during the Renaissance.
Universities, vernacular literature, and the printing press made learning available to more people (including women); End of feudalism made it possible to move up or down in social class :as money became more important, the bourgeoisie (middle class) became more important.
What made the Renaissance possible?
Trade between Eurpoe and the Middle East, Rise of the Bourgeoisie (time and money spent on culture, became patrons of the arts); New Ways to Spread Ideas (universities, Gutenberg Press, Vernacular literature)
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
Mediterranean trade center, City-states deominated by the bourgeisis, historical links to the Roman Empire, Support from a wealthy and powerful Catholic Church.
What ideas were at the center of the Renaissance?
Humanism, Belief in the value and ability of human beings, Importance of the Individual, Humanities (study of subjects related to human achievments began with Greco-Roman civilizations.)
What were the main characteristics of the Renaissance?
New World View - reawakening of classical study - focus on here and now - individual achievement; Spirit of Adventure; Humanism - focus on wordly ideas/topics: humanities.
Why was Italy a favorable setting for the Renaissance?
Mediterranean trade center, City-states dominated by the bourgeoisie, historical links to the Romam Empire, Support from a wealthy and powerful Catholic Church.
How were Renaissnce ideals reflected in the arts?
Humanism - religious figures in classical or even modern settings; Individual achievement was celebrated in portraits; Realism - use of perspective, shading, study of anatomy; Social Art - beauty that made society better.
How id Renaissance writings express realism?
Interest in the humanities; Self-improvement - guides for sucess (The Book of the Courtier, The Prince).
What was the impact of the printing press?
Books could be printed in larger quantities at less costs, More people learned to read, Ideas spread quickly.
What themes did Northern Renaissance artists express?
Religious scenes, Classical themes, Scences of everyday life, Realistic depiction of human faces and forms.
What Renaissance ideas did Shakesphere's work address?
Complex nature of the individual, Universal ideas and themes, Everyday, realistic settings, Imporance of classics (Most plays used well-known stories)
Demand for art came from_____
Catholic Church (decorate chapels and catehdrals, Bible stories illustrated), city-states (display of civic pride), middle classes (Portraits for future generations of family members)
Free standing statues, larger scales of sculpture and architecture.
Subject/Themes of Renaissance Art
Religion (Bible Stories); - Madonnas, mother of Jesus, image of death of Christ, saints and other religious figures. Humanism: - Greco-Roman styles and stories (Allegoris - symbolic works, portraits - individual, genre painting - everyday life.
WOODCUT Prints and ETCHINGS
Allowed fine art to be mass-produced