the period when the most advanced metalworking (at least in systematic and widespread use) in that culture used bronze.
Epic of Gilgamesh
an ancient poem from Mesopotamia and is among the earliest known works of literature.
282 specific laws written by Hammurabi, the leader of the Babylonian empire, who believed that an organized code of law would justify the diverse groups of his empire.
copies were written in stone and placed throughout the empire.
The laws cover everything from family relations to crime, and portray to the modern world what the Sumerians held in terms of their beliefs and values. The code applied equally to all across the land however, those who were poor were granted different consequences than those who were rich.
people who lived off of hunting animals and gathering vegetables. how people lived before civilizations formed
a philosophical, religious or spiritual idea that souls or spirits exist not only in humans but also in animals, plants, rocks, natural phenomena such as thunder, geographic features such as mountains or rivers, or other entities of the natural environment.
ruled Mauryan at its greatest peak. His army kills 100,000 of his enemies, his people give him their entire surplus, and he feels remorse. He turns to Buddhism.
Asoka posts laws that encourage religious tolerance. When he dies, there is severe social unrest.
the process of forging conquered cultures into the Chinese culture. This was done by intermarriage, farming newly colonized areas, and setting up schools to educate the idea of Confucianism.
The social class of india
based off race-the lighter skinned someone was, the higher up they were
made up of: bhramin (priests), warriors, merchants/landowners, and commoners/peasents/servants
civil service examinations
a way of recruiting officials in the Ming Dynasty; very difficult examinations held at the prefecture, provincial, and capital levels
The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.
Government made money through heavy taxation
legalism is enforced
confucianism brought about after warring states period
When one has reached enlightenment, or the end of the Buddhist Reincarnation cycle