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PSY exam 3 cahoot
Terms in this set (31)
Learning is traditionally divided into three categories: associative, nonassociative, and ____.
A reaction to a given stimulus that is learned/acquired over time is referred to as a(n) ____.
Inevitable, involuntary responses to stimuli are referred to as ____.
Learning that occurs in the absence of reinforcement is referred to as ____.
To manage all our knowledge, the mind uses ____ to signify information.
There are 4 cognitive processes in the modeling of others' behavior. They are, in order, ____.
attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation
If people are continuously exposed to an unchanging, harmless stimulus, they are likely to ___.
habituate to the stimulus
Which of the following is the best definition of a concept?
an organizing principle derived from experience
Long-term memory is characterized by ____.
unlimited duration and unlimited capacity
3 conditions must be met for punishment to have an effect on behavior. What are they?
significance, immediacy, and consistency
Reinforcement of a desired behavior on some occasions is called ____ reinforcement.
The recognition that two different stimuli call for two different responses is known as ____.
What is the correct ordering of the processes of memory?
encoding, storage, and retrieval
The process of associating a behavior with its consequences is known as ____.
Declarative memories are more conscious and are easy to verbalize. They include ____.
semantic, episodic, and autobiographical information
What is reconstruction?
The rebuilding of a memory out of stored elements
What theory views the mind as an interconnected network made up of simpler units?
the connectionist theory
participates in consolidation of info into long-term memory
What is the relationship between negative emotions and memory?
Such emotions can enhance or impair memories.
any stimulus that helps you access target informationa.
shortcut to problem solving, also known as a "rule of thumb"
The loss of the ability to speak or understand language is called ____.
Alex is starting her day. Which of the following represents a procedural memory?
she brushes her teeth
Socioeconomic status ____.
positively correlated with IQ
Jim and his father are watching the ball game on television. Jims father starts to yawn and him soon follows.
When Roxie the dog was a puppy she would jump super excitedly on anyone who entered the house
Back in the day, Tran was forced to memorize the capital cities of all the 50 states. This is an example of ____ memory. **********
As harry walks out of the supermarket, he see his parked car get hit by another car. He tries to memorize the make, model, and license plate number of the other car
Dolores has moved to a big city for the first time in her life. She is excited by the opportunity, but it also anxious
Olivia has just obtained her drivers license
Leanne's friends love her 60-year old mother, Liz who is very warm and friendly.
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