24 terms

Holt environmental science Air Pollution and Climate Change Ch 12 and 13 HUG HS

Acid Precipitation
precipitation, such as rain, sleet, or snow, that contains a high concentration of acids (Sulfur and Nitrogen), often because of the pollution of the atmosphere
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
Climate Change
long-term significant change in the weather patterns of an area. Can be due to human impacts
Global Warming Effects
Rise in sea levels and average temperatures
Greenhouse Effect
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosphere by carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and other gases
Primary Pollutants
pollutants that are put directly into the air by human or natural activity.
Ozone Layer
a layer in the stratosphere (at approximately 20 miles) that contains a concentration of ozone sufficient to block most ultraviolet radiation from the sun
Rain Shadow
the area on the dry, sheltered side of a mountain, which receives little rainfall
Secondary Pollutants
pollutants that form from chemical reactions that occur when primary pollutants come in contact with other primary pollutants or with naturally occuring substances, such as water vapor.
Warm front
The boundary of an advancing mass of warm air
Cold front
The front edge of a moving mass of cold air that pushes beneath a warmer air mass like a wedge
a period of the year characterized by particular conditions of weather, temperature due to the tilt of Earth relative to the sun
condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
layers of the atmosphere
troposphere (weather), stratosphere (ozone layer), mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
air masses
Large bodies of air that have uniform temperature, humidity, and pressure
Example: Maritime Polar
cyclone & anticyclone
(meteorology) rapid inward circulation of air masses about a low-pressure center

an anticyclone is a weather system with high atmospheric pressure at its center and is associated with good weather.
types of clouds
stratus, cumulus, stratocumulus, altostratus, cirrocumulus, cirrus, cumulonimbus
a gas molecule that is made up of three oxygen atoms
noise pollution
any noise that causes stress or has the potential to damage human health. Noise is measured in decibels
light pollution
Light that trespasses onto property that is bothersome, waste energy, and obscures the night sky.
sick building syndrome
is used to describe situations in which building occupants experience acute health and comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a building, but no specific illness or cause can be identified.
Long and Short term Health Effects of Air Pollution
The short-term effects of air pollution on people's health include headache; nausea; irritation to the eyes, nose, and throat; tightness in the chest; coughing; and upper respiratory infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia

Long-term effects on health that have been linked to air pollution include emphysema, lung cancer, and heart disease. Long-term exposure to air pollution may worsen medical conditions suffered by older people and may damage the lungs of children
air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
fog or haze combined with smoke and other atmospheric pollutants.
temperature inversion
atmospheric condition in which warm air traps cooler air near the earth's surface

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