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How Plant Science Kills (part 8)
Terms in this set (42)
The structure of the peptide chain is known as the ________ level of protein structure?
Amino acids that are acquired by humans through their diet but that cannot be synthesized by humans are called ______?
The wide variety of properties found in amino acids are due to their variations in their _____ groups?
The backbone of DNA is made up of alternating ribose and _____ molecules?
____ are mobile energy storage molecules that are used to drive many enzymatic reactions.
___ are single stranded nucleic acids produced during the process of transcription.
In Meiosis, genes on the same chromosome tend to move together in the next generation and are thus ________?
______ occurs in the actively dividing meristematic tissues of plants?
Alleles (genes) encoding a _____ phenotype are fully expressed when they are homozygous or heterozygous.
The selective addition of a gene from any source using molecular techniques is called?
Expression of these proteins in transgenic papaya has saved the Hawaiian industry?
Chilling requirement of seed to break dormancy is called?
Vegetative propagation takes advantage of the process of _____?
A mass of undifferentiated, proliferating parenchyma cells is called _____?
Photosynthetic rate can be increased by increasing
ALL OF THE ABOVE
In respiration _________.
Carbohydrates are used to make energy
Reducing CO2 to carbohydrates occurs during?
The Calvin Cycle
Reduced versions of carbon have more electrons so they?
Have more energy
_____ is used to change the fruiting cultivar scions in the fruit tree or grapevine.
Proteins, such as aquaporins, are embedded in the ____ and allow for the selective passage of molecules into and out of the cell.
Vegetative propagation produces genetically identical plants called ______.
A triglyceride molecule is comprised of _______.
3 fatty acids and a glycerol
Haploid cells are produced at the end of _______.
______ refers to the genetic makeup of the plant.
The starting material used in tissue culture is called the _____.
Photosynthesis occurs in the _______.
Excessive soil moisture sometimes creates an anaerobic condition (lack of _____) around roots.
Toxic chemicals and ionizing radiation can increase the rates of DNA _______?
What is the molecular unit of a carbohydrate?
This is the main energy storage carbohydrate of the plant?
Water-loving molecules are?
The basic molecular unit of a protein is?
Chilling injury in plants can be due to the solidification of their ______.
_____ is the important survival mechanism for some species that allows the embryonic plant in the seed to overwinter a very cold-resistant form.
The nucleus contains ____, which carry most genetic information and transcript it to future generations.
Nitrogen is needed by plants to make ______.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
_______ shoots are those appearing any place other than the shoot terminals or axils of leaves.
Plant lipids that have one or more double bonds are called ______.
Of the sunlight reaching the Earth, how much is used to produce sugars in photosynthesis?
ALL THE ABOVE
-transmits desirable characteristics of the original to the progeny
-can allow a single plant to become the starting point for populations of many millions
-must work without changing plant characteristics
scion, union graft, root stock
carbon cycle diagram
Green side - water in and oxygen out
Blue side - carbon dioxide in and sugar out
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