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Health A 2017 Credit 4
Terms in this set (53)
Infectious, typically used to describe a disease that spreads easily from one person to another
Germ that causes infectious diseases
Small germ that reproduces only inside the cells of living things, cause of the common cold
The first stage of infectious disease when the body tries to fight off pathogens before a person becomes ill or before symptoms of a disease appear
A system of body defenses that fight pathogens after they enter the bloodstream
Substance that can destroy the growth of certain germs and bacteria that cause disease
Abnormally formed body structure
Something that blocks passage
A protein that kill particular pathogens, blood makes them when pathogens enter the bloodstream. Babies can get them from their mother's milk or from the placenta (while still in the womb).
A means of getting dead or weakened pathogens into the body
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
A disorder of the immune system lasting a long time, caused by HIV. Known ways to spread AIDS are: exchange of blood, sexual activity, and sharing needles, mother to child before, during or after birth. Health care workers use gloves and masks to lower their risk of acquiring it. Often people who are diagnosed will die of pneumonia.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
A virus that infects body cells and severely damages the human immune system, causing AIDS. It is known to be transmitted through semen. It cannot survive outside of the body.
A rare type of cancer
Transfer of blood from one person to another
A sexually transmitted disease that used to be easily treated with antibiotics, symptoms may include swelling and redness in the genitals. It may also have no symptoms. It can cause an eye infection in babies.
Inability to produce a child
A sexually transmitted disease
A sexually transmitted disease that progresses in three stages if left untreated.
A hard sore that is the first sign of syphilis
A sexually transmitted disease that results in a chronic infection of clusters of small, painful blisters in a persons genitals.
Lasting for a long time
Bumps caused by a virus spread through sexual contact or skin to skin contact. There is no cure for this disease.
A type of cardiovascular disease that results in high blood pressure
A condition that is not usual
Hardening of the arteries because of a build up of fat
A form of arteriosclerosis in which the large and medium arteries become narrow from a build up fat along their walls
A condition in which the blood supply and the nutrients to the heart are greatly reduced. Men have a greater risk of having one before middle age than women do.
Forms after a heart attack, the tissue does not move easily and does not contract when the heart contracts
Severe pain that happens when the heart does not receive enough blood
A cardiovascular disease that happens when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly stopped resulting in dead brain cells
A mass of tissue made from the abnormal growth of cells
Harmful to health
Not harmful to health
A lymph gland cancer that often affects young adults
A treatment that involves taking drugs to kill cancer cells, it is not considered a risk factor for cancer
A cancer treatment that involves sending energy in the form of waves, it may be a risk factor for cancer
A disease caused by lack of insulin in the body or when the body cannot use insulin effectively. A known symptom is glucose in the urine.
Type I Diabetes
A condition in which insulin is needed to stay alive
A condition in which there is a harmful inflamation of the joints causing them to swell badly and become stiff and weak
A condition in which the cartilage in the joints wears away
A cushion, or padding, in the joints
A chronic disease that is caused by disordered brain activity and that causes seizures
Grand Mal Seizure
A type of epileptic seizure in which a person passes out and possibly falls down
Petit Mal Seizure
A type of epileptic seizure in which a person does not pass out
A respiratory disease that makes breathing difficult, overall the number of people who it is increasing
Examples are saliva, tears and sweat
A genetic disorder caused by an abnormal chromosome
A condition that harms or stops the normal workings of the body
An inherited disease in which blood does not clot normally
The third stage of infectious disease, when the body's defenses have worked
The third stage of infectious disease if the body's defenses are overcome
A loss of consciousness due to high levels of glucose in the blood
An abnormal and harmful growth of cell in the body. A sore that does not heal may be a symptom.
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