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23 terms

Civil Rights and Liberties

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Civil Rights
full citizenship and equality under the law
White Primary
southern states allowed only whites to vote
grandfather clause
could vote if ancestors had in 1867
poll tax
money paid in order to vote
literacy tests
required voters to read and explain a section of the constitution
familiarity
behavior that implies a close friendship (with a white woman for african americans)
de facto
segragation existing not legally required
de jure
segregation by law
busing
racial balance by transporting students to schools across neighborhood boundaries
civil disobedience
nonviolent refusal to obey unjust laws
subpoena
a command to appear at a specified time and place to testify
suffrage
right to vote
feminism
political, economic, and social equality for women
gender discrimination
practice, policy, or procedure that denies equal treatment because of gender
sexual harassment
unwanted conduct or abuse of sexual nature that creates stress
affirmative action
programs make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities
reverse discrimination
affirmative action program dicriminates against those with no minority status
mandatory retirement
forced retirement when a person reaches a certain age
civil law
law dealing with private rights of individuals or noncriminal matters
criminal law
the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment (government prosecutor)
majority
the age at which a person is considered competent to manage their own affairs
necessaries
whatever is reasonably necessary for suitable subsistence as measured by age, state, condition in life, and the like.
common law
a law established by following earlier judicial decisions