Atopic dermatitis (AD) = Eczema
-Immune-mediated skin inflammation, with typically a genetic component.
•Causes: genetic component, food and environmental allergies; Aggravated by dry skin, wool, sweating, allergens, emotional stress.
•S/Sxs: Usually appears in infancy as red, weeping, crusted lesions on face, which spreads to neck, extremities, & abdomen. As condition becomes chronic > lichenification of macules/papules. In adults, presents on flexor surfaces of elbow and knee, buttocks, neck, hands. Very Itchy!!
•Diagnosis: H & P
•DDX: seborrheic derm, contact derm, nummular derm, Candida