Nursing Pharmacology side effects
Terms in this set (58)
Side effects of Acetaminophen
Red, peeling or blistering skin; rash; hives; itching; swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs; hoarseness; and difficulty breathing or swallowing. Can cause liver damage.
Weak pulse, hypothermia and decreased urine output.
an anticonvulsant that works by decreasing nerve impulses that cause seizures and pain.
Carbamazepine is used to treat what?
seizures, nerve pain and even bipolar disorder.
Carbamazepine should not be taken if:
you have a history of bone marrow suppression, if taking nefazodone or if allergic to antidepressants such as amitriptyline, desipramine, imipramine, or nortriptyline.
an antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia or to reduce the risk of suicidal behavior in people with schizophrenia or similar disorders.
Clozapine works by:
changing the actions of chemicals in the brain.
Symptoms of Clozapine:
severe dizziness, slow heartbeats, fainting, or seizures.
a drug used to support the treatment of alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol.
Disulfiram works by:
It inhibits acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which causes an unpleasant reaction when alcohol is consumed.
Symptoms of Disulfiram include:
flushing, sweating, nausea or severe vomiting, increased thirst, swelling, neck pain, blurred vision, throbbing headache, chest pain or shortness of breath, pounding heartbeat, weakness, confusion, or dizziness.
an adrenergic and dopaminergic cardiac stimulant that is usually prescribed for heart failure.
Side effects of Dopamine include
abnormal heart rhythm, fast heart rate, chest pain, palpitations, slow heart rate, high blood pressure, narrowing of the blood vessels, difficulty in breathing, nausea, vomiting, elevated BUN (blood urea nitrogen), headache, anxiety, piloerection (erection of the hair of the skin), and gangrene of the extremities.
Sucralfate (Carafate) is used to
treat and prevent ulcers in the intestines. It is also used to treat inflammation of esophagus from backflow of stomach acid.
Side effects of Sucralfate ( Carafate ) include
Constipation, dry mouth, stomach upset, gas, and nausea
Ferrous Gluconate is
a type of iron that is used to treat iron deficiency anemia.
Ferrous Gluconate should not be taken if the patient has:
iron overload syndrome, hemolytic anemia, porphyria, thalassemia, liver or kidney disease, if patient is an alcoholic, or if receiving regular blood transfusions.
Gentamicin Toxicity complications:
nephrotoxicity, and ototoxicity.
If Patient is hypoglycemic or unconscious
Glucagon IM injection
A hormone produced by the pancreas, glucaon controls the level of glucose in the blood, along with insulin.
Hypoglycemia symptoms include:
include sweating, drowsiness, dizziness, sleep disturbances, palpitation, anxiety, tremor, blurred vision, hunger, slurred speech, restlessness, depressed mood, tingling (in the hands, feet, lips, or tongue), irritability, lightheadedness, abnormal behavior, inability to concentrate, unsteady movement, headache, and personality changes. Symptoms may be different for each person and can happen suddenly.
An inotropic medication is
a drug that alters the force or strength of the heart's muscle contractions.
Two types of inotropic medications:
the positive and the negative.
Positive inotropic drugs make heart beat more ________, while negative inotropic drugs make the heart beat ________ strongly.
Iron elixir is used
to supplement iron in the diet.
Iron elixir should be taken:
on an empty stomach, and a full glass of water or juice.
Loops diuretics work by
helping the body get rid of sodium and water.
Loop diuretics make the kidney:
put more sodium into the urine, and the sodium takes water with it from the blood. This decreases the amount of fluid flowing through the blood vessels, reducing pressure on the walls of the arteries.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors are
are antidepressants that are used to balance certain neurotransmitters by reducing the amount of monoamine oxidase.
Emergency side effects of MAOIs include
troubled breathing, swelling of the face, hives, chest pains, altered heart rate, severe headache, stiff neck, and nausea or vomiting.
Potassium must never be administered via_______, Because ____
IV push or bolus; it will result in the patient receiving too much potassium too quickly. Instead, it should be diluted and infused over a certain period of time.
an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug which is used to control and prevent seizures.
Tegretol works by:
by reducing the spread of seizure activity in the brain and restoring the normal balance of nerve activity.
Tegretol may also be used to treat
certain mental and mood conditions (such as bipolar disorder) and other types of nerve pain.
an antibiotic used to treat a wide variety of infections.
Tetracycline works when taken...
on an empty stomach an hour before or two hours after meals.
Side effects of Tetracycline include:
nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, mouth sores, black hairy tongue, sore throat, dizziness, and headache.
Therapeutic Drug Levels: Digoxin
Therapeutic Drug Levels: Lithium
Therapeutic Drug Levels: Dilantin
Therapeutic Drug Levels: Theophylline
USA: Urokinase, Strepokinase, & Altepalse
Thrombolytic agents are used
to dissolve blood clots which are usually the cause of both heart attack and stroke.
One rare but serious complication of thrombolytic therapy is
Ritalin is used to:
for ADHD. Asses for cardiac side effects immediately.
Side effects of Ritalin include
Cardiac side effects, and stunts growth.
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Heparin
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Coumadin
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Ammonia
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Acetaminophen
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Iron
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Digoxin
Toxicity Reverse Agents: Alcohol Withdraw
Preferring one drug to another when both drugs are equally effective ______ the risk of overdose toxicity.
Fat Soluble Vitamins
K, A, D, & E
Immediate treatment of an M.I.
Morphine, Oxygen, Nitroglycerine, and ASA (acetylsalicylic acid [Aspirin]).