34 terms

Chapter 7 History Review

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Pueblos
Name for many of the Indians that lived in the Southwest region of North America
Mound Builders
Indians who built earthen mounds
effigy mound
An earthen mound in North America that was made in the shape of an animal or object
Iroquois Confederacy
Group of six tribes who spoke the common language of Iroquois
Five Civilized Tribes
Tribes in the American Southeast that maintained peaceful relations with the Europeans and adopted some European ways; included the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Tribes
Mayas
An Indian civilization in Central America that consisted of many independent city states
Aztecs
An Indian society that was characterized by war and warriors
Tenochtitlan
The Aztec capital
Quetzalcoatl
An Aztec god whom the Aztecs were expecting to return
Incas
An Indian society living in the central Andes
Cuzco
The capital of the Incan Empire
Prester John
Mythical king in Africa who was thought to be a Christian
caravel
A ship used for European exploration
trade winds
Winds blowing from east to west that brought European explorers across the Atlantic Ocean
compass
An instrument that uses lodestone, a magnetic material, to find direction
astrolabe
Used by sailors to measure the angle between the sun or a star and the horizon at a specific time of day or night
dead reckoning
Method in which sailors decided what they thought their location was, estimated their speed, looked at the map, and aimed for a compass heading that they believed would get them to their goal
Prince Henry
Portuguese ruler who sent out sailors and ships to explore the coast of Africa in the fifteenth century
Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese explorer that rounded the tip of Africa without realizing it
Cape of Good Hope
Southern tip of Africa
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer that sailed all the way to India
Francis Xavier
Jesuit missionary to Japan who sought to convert the people to Roman Catholicism
Christopher Columbus
Italian explorer, financed by Spain, who believed he could get to the East by sailing west
King Ferdinand
Ruler of Spain who, with his wife, financed Christopher Columbus's voyages
Queen Isabella
Ruler of Spain who, with her husband, financed Christopher Columbus's voyages
Ferdinand Magellan
Explorer whose crew sailed all the way around the world; was killed in the Philippines before the end of the voyage
Sir Francis Drake
English explorer who sailed around the world
conquistadors
Men sent from Spain to find gold, conquer the people, and convert them to Roman Catholicism
Hernando Cortes
Spanish conquistador that massacred the Aztecs
Montezuma
The Aztec ruler
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish conquistador who made himself ruler of the Incan empire but was killed by those of his own country
Atahualpa
Emperor of the Incan Empire
Battle of Lepanto
Where an alliance of Catholic nations defeated the Ottoman navel fleet
Bartolome de Las Casas
Spanish Roman Catholic friar that came to the Americas to serve as a missionary to the Indians