33 terms

prentice hall constitution study guide

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Salutary neglect
British policy that allowed colonists to rule themselves so long as britain also benefited
Why did England need the colonists to pay taxes
to pay for their 4 wars with france
What are the three types of problems that caused the Americans to revolt against England
Social
Economic
Political
1775-1776
revolutionary mood - national feeling favoring great change
the country wanted an independent nation
Thomas Paine
wrote a pamphlet Common Sense - advocated independence
Continental Congress
group of colonial leaders who debated and implemented action plans regarding the colonists relations with britain
Thomas Jefferson
outlined basic rights at the beginning of the Declaration of independence
unalienable rights
Rights that cannot be taken away
Life
Liberty
Pursuit
Grievances in the Declaration of independence
taxes without consent
controlling the colonists' trade
How long was the American Revolution
1776-1783
direct democracy
system of government where people participate directly in decisions through voting on issues developed by the greeks so more people could participate
Absloute monarch
all powerful king or queen
Common law
system of law based on accepted customs, traditions and past decisions
Republic
Form of government where people elect representatives to govern them
Patrician
member of the Roman upper class who traced their ancestry to a senatorial family in the earliest days of the Roman Republic
Plebeian
member of the general body of the Roman citizens
codify
write them down
organize according a system
1215
magna carta signed
Magna Carta
Document that the people forced the king to sign that guaranteed them certain rights and privileges and limited the power of the King
Why was the magna carta important
it demonstrated that the monarchs power could be legally limited by the people
Bill of Rights(British)
1600s power struggle between Parliament and the King led to a civil war. It forced the king James II from his throne and selected his daughter Mary to be queen. Gave Parliament the rights and further controlled the rights of the monarch. Monarch couldn't make or reject laws without parliament's approval
Monarch needed the consen to parliament to raise taxes and maintain the army
Monarchy could not interfere with elections
Right to freedom of religion, petition other freedoms
Enlightenment
period in European history characterized by a rejection of traditional social religious and political ideas in favor of education and reasoning.
John Locke
English political thinker and writer 1690 - two treatises on Government that said that the government should serve the people, not the other way around. said Government should arise from a contract or agreement between the people and their monarch and a ruler cannot justly deny people's basic rights
Rousseau
People would form a community and make a contract with each other, not with a ruler.
Montesquieu
French - The Sprit of Laws Checks and Balances - Separation of Powers
Checks and Balances
limits the power of the government by making the governing bodies accountable to one another
Separation of powers
divides powers among a number of authorities
legislature
government agency responsible for making laws
Bicameral
Consisting of two legislative chambers
Explain in detail George Washington's quote
"I am mortified beyond expression that in the moment of our acknowledged independence we should by our conduct render ourselves ridiculous in the eyes of all Europe. We are fast verging to anarchy and confusion."
shared features of state constitutions in 1780
. declared rights of citizens
. bill of rights (7 of 13)
. government existed only with the consent of the governed
. separation of powers
. elected legislature
. bicameral legislature
. governor (except PA)
Articles of Confederation
1777 The first constitution proposed to guide the United States
principles of the Articles of Confederation
. Congress would be the national governing body
. Congress had the power to declare war
. Congress had the power to sign treaties with another nation
. Delegates from each state would represent their states in Congress
. Each state would have an equal vote in Congress
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