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1924 Immigration act
Terms in this set (22)
What did the 1924 immigration act do ?
limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota
What did the quota in the immigration act provide?
it provided immigration visas to 2 percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the United States as of the 1890 national census
Which country did it completely exclude immigrants from ?
In 1917 what did the US congress enact ?
the first widely restrictive immigration law
what made it possible to pass the first widely restrictive immigration law ?
the uncertainty generated over national security during World War 1
what did the 1917 act implement?
a literacy test that required immigrants over 16 years old to demonstrate basic reading comprehension in any language , also increased the tax paid by new immigrants upon arrival and allowed immigration officials to exercise more discretion in making decisions over whom to exclude, excluded entry from anyone born in "Asiatic Barred Zone" except for japanese and filipinos
Why could the philipine people travel freely to the United Sates ?
was a US colony, so its citizens were US nationals
why was china not included in the barred zone under the 1917 act but still not allowed in the country?
chinese people were still not allowed in the US because of the chinese exclusion act
In the 1920s what else was added to immigration acts to deny immigrants from entering the country ?
immigration qoutas, 3% of the total population of the foreighn born of each nationality in the united states as recorded in the 1910 census
who made up the immigration qoutas ?
republican senator Vermont William P. Dillingham
In 1917 what was the total number of visas available each year to new immigrants ?
How did president wilson feel about this act ?
opposed the restrictive act
Why did wilson oppose the restrictive act ?
he preferred a more liberal immigration policy, so he used the pocket veto to prevent its passage
What happened to the act in 1921 when the new president warren came into office ?
called congress back to a special session to pass the law and in 1922 the act was renewed for another 2 years
When the congressional debate over immigration began in 1924, how was the qouta system established in society ?
it was so well established that no one questioned whether to maintain but rather discussed how to adjust it
What ended up happening to the qoutas in 1924?
the existing quota was lowered from 3 to 2 percent of foriegn born population, it also changed so that it traced the origins of even natural born citizens
the 1924 immigration act also included what in it regarding aliens and asians?
it excluded from entry any alien who by virtue of race or nationality was ineligible for citizenship, even asians not previously prevented from immigrating would no longer be admitted to the united states
why were many in japan offended by the new law of not letting asians even previously able to immigrate not bale to immigrate now?
because it was a violation of the gentlemans agreement
How did japan protesting effect the relationship between United States and Japan ?
it resulted in increasing the existing tensions between the 2 nations
Why did the restrictive principles of this act not result in strained relationships with some european countries ?
the global depression of the 1930's, world war 2, and stricter enforcement of US immigration policy served to curtail european emigration
what did they do to avoid conflict over its new immigration laws when the crises had passed?
emergency provisions for the resettlement of displaced persons in 1948 and 1950
what was the most basic purpose of the 1924 immigration act ?
to preserve the ideal of US homogeneity
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