Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 2 Population Review
Terms in this set (35)
Scientific study of population characteristics.
Pattern of human settlement.
Total number of people divided by the total land area.
Number of people per unit of area arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Population the environment can support without significant deterioration.
Ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Portion of Earth's surface where humans can live permanently.
Bar graph representing the distribution of population by age and sex.
Population of various age categories in an age-sex population pyramid.
Number of males per 100 females in the population.
Bars of a population pyramid representing children born during conflict are often significantly shorter than the bars immediately above and below them.
Number of people under the age of 15 and over the age of 64 that do not work.
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
Total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
Total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
Average number of children a women will have throughout her childbearing years, typically between 15-49 years of age.
Number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
Government policy concerned with limiting population growth.
Eugenic Population Policies
Government policy designed to favor one racial sector over another.
Government programs to increase fertility rates.
Average number of years an individual can be expected to live.
Infant Mortality Rates (IMR)
Total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society.
Child Mortality Rate
Total number of deaths per thousand children within the first five years of life.
Process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and a higher total population.
Rate of Natural Increase (NIR)
Percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
Population increase is shown in an exponential growth.
Relates to growth and decline in the rate of natural increase.
Zero Population Growth (ZPG)
Decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the rate of natural increase equals zero.
Expansive Population Pyramid
Population with a huge birth rate and low life expectancy.
Stationary Population Pyramid
Population that is not significantly growing or shrinking.
Epidemiological Transition Model
Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition model.
British economist that concluded that the rate of population was growing at a faster rate than agricultural productivity leading to over population.
Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
States that agricultural methods used by a population depend on the size of the population.
Argue that global overpopulation is a serious problem and that continued growth will lead to the depletion of nonrenewable resources and shortages of food will ultimately lead to catastrophe.
Sets found in the same folder
Industrialization Part 1
Ch. 1 Pt. 1 Introduction to Geography
Urban Patterns Part 1
Sets with similar terms
AP Human Geography Chapter Two Vocabulary
Unit 2 Chapter 2 -- Population
Unit 2: Population and Migration part 1
AP Human Geography- Unit Two
Other sets by this creator
AP English Language Chapter 2
AP English Language Chapter 1
Unit 5: Vocabulary #2