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Critical thinking

thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.


act of working jointly

Attacking the person

it is perfectly acceptable to argue against other people's positions or to attack their arguements


asking or pleading for something

Appealing to false authority

citing authorities, such as experts in a field or the opinions of qualified researchers, can offer valuable support for an arguement

Jumping on a bandwagon

sometimes we are more likely to believe something if a lot of other people believe it

Assuming something is true

even in science, few things are ever proved completely false, but evidence can be discredited

Falling victim to false cause

we make the assumption that just because one event followed another, the first event must have caused the second, this reasoning is the basis for many superstitions

Making hasty generalizations

reaching a conclusion based on the opinion of one source is like figuring that all the marbles in the barrel are green after pulling out only one

Logical fallicies

two facts are givin but false conclusion

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