31 terms

Ecology

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Terms in this set (...)

abiotic
non-living factors in the environment
biotic
living factors in the environment
organism
any plant or animal
ecology
the study of the interaction between organisms and the environment
individual
one single organism
biosphere
The ecosystems of planet earth
individual
one organism, a single living thing
biome
An area with similar climate and ecosystems
population
a group of interbreeding organisms living in the same area (all of the deer in the forest)
ecosystem
all the organisms living in the same area AND their nonliving environment
community
all the organisms of all types living in the same area
evaporation
the process in which water droplets turn into water vapor
condensation
the process in which water vapor turns back into water droplets
precipitation
water droplets that become too heavy and fall from the clouds (can be in the form of snow, hail, rain)
ground water flow
water running undergroung
respiration
the action of breathing
CO2 in the air
carbon dioxide released in the air
combustion
the burning of fuel resulting in the release of carbon dioxide
producer
An organism that gets its energy from the sun
consumer
An organisms that gets its energy from eating other organisms
decomposer
An organism that gets its energy from breaking down dead organisms
carnivore
A type of consumer that eats only other animals
herbivore
A type of consumer that eats only plants
omnivore
A type of consumer that eats both plants and animals
predator-prey
When one organism feeds on another organism
parasitism
A symbiotic relationship in which the health of one organism benefits and the health of the other is harmed
succession
The gradual development of a community over time
primary succession
When a community grows where previously there was only barren rock
secondary succession
When a community grows back after it has been destroyed by fire or farming
Biodiversity
the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
Invasive Species
species that enter new ecosystems and multiply, harming native species and their habitats