How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

63 terms

classification of bones, bone markings, long bone anat., osteon

STUDY
PLAY
bones that are much longer than they are wide
long bones
spongy bone aka
cancellous bone
bones that are typically cube shaped
short bones
short bones formed in tendons
sesamoid bones
bones that do not fall into ant other category
irregular bones
bone that looks smooth and homogeneous
compact bone
tiny bones between cranial bones
wormian bones
thin bones with a layer of spongy bone between 2 layers of wafer-like layers of compact bone
flat bones
wormian bone aka
sutural bone
bone composed of small trabeculae (bars) of bone and lots of open space
spongy bone
example of a sesamoid bone
patella
example of a short bone
tarsals
carpals
example of an irregular bone
vertebrae
example of a long bone
femur
phalanges
tibia
fibula
humerus
radius
ulna
example of a wormian bone
squamous suture
lambdoid suture
coronal suture
example of a flat bone
skull bones: frontal bone, parietal bone, temporal bone
the scapula is a/an___________ bone
flat
bone of the pelvic girdle are_________ bones
irregular
the calcaneus is a/an _________ bone
irregular
the ribs are_________ bones
flat
the clavicle is a/an__________ bone
long
bone markings that allow blood vessels and nerves to pass are called
depressions and openings
name the 8 projections that are sites for muscle and ligament attachment
tuberosity
crest
trochanter
line
tubercle
epicondyle
spine
process
name the 4 projections that help form joints
head
facet
condyle
ramus
name 5 depressions / openings
meatus
fossa
groove
fissure
foramen / foramina
sharp, slender, often pointed projection
spine
narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
crest
armlike bar of bone
ramus
space within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane
sinus
furrow
groove
very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process
trochanter
canal-like passageway
meatus
bony expansion carried on a narrow neck
head
large rounded projection, may be roughened
tuberosity
prominence or projection
process
smooth, nearly flat articular surface
facet
small round projection or process
tubercle
narrow, slit-like opening
fissure
bone marking that is a cavity
sinus
raised area on or above a condyle
epicondyle
shallow basin-like depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface
fossa
rounded articular projection
condyle
narrow ridge of bone, less prominent than a crest
line
round or oval opening through a bone
foramen
delicate lining of the shaft of a long bone
endosteum
red marrow is located _______
in spongy bone
it is where blood is made
covers the epiphyis
articular cartilage
shaft of long bone
diaphysis
thin area of hyaline cartilage that allows for growth of long bones in youth
epiphyseal plate
fibrous membrane covering of the diaphysis of long bones
periosteum
central cavity of the shaft of long bones
medullary cavity
ends of long bones
epiphysis
adipose tissue stored in the shaft of long bones
yellow marrow
bone on the epiphysis after the bone has stopped growing
epiphyseal line
epiphyseal line aka
epiphyseal disc
remnants of lamellae that have been broken down
interstitial lamellae
mature bone cells that are in lacunae (chambers)
osteocytes
concentric circles around the centeal canal of the osteon
lamellae
fibers of the periosteum
perforating fibers
perforating fibers aka
Sharpey's fibers
runs parallel to the long axis of the bone and carries blood vessels and nerves through the bony matrix
central canal of the osteon
chambers that hold osteocytes
lacuna
tiny canal radiating out from the central canal of the osteon
canaliculi