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75 terms

Art Test #2

STUDY
PLAY
True fresco, or ____________, is executed on damp ____________
Buon fresco; lime plaster
Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as _____________.
Gilding
Remembrandt used ____________ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew
Impasto
Pop artist Roy Liechenstien's portrait of George Washington is an oil-on-canvas image that most resembles a(n)_______________.
Comic-book Hero
Helen Oji's Mount St. Helen's is an opaque impasto composition in the shape of a(n) ________________.
Japanese Kimono
Contemporary watercolor is referred to as _________, made up of pigments and the vehicle of ____________.
Aquarelle; gum arabic
___________ was the principal painting medium during the Byzantine and Romanesque eras of Christian art.
Gouache
Master graffiti artists almost always add "tags" to their artworks, which are___________________.
stylized signatures
Miriam Schapiro's Maid of Honour is a paint-and-fabric construction that she labeled _________.
Femmage
Ralph Going's Rock Ola is a contradiction of what we normally consider when we think of a watercolor on paper because the work is considered to be _________.
Photorealism
Gilbert Stuart's 18th-century traditional portrait of George Washington achieves a realistic likeness largely through _________.
Modeling
The oldest form of printmaking is __________, and most likely the first people to use it were the ancient __________.
Serigraphy; Egyptians
Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a(n) __________. The areas that were not meant to be printed were carved out _________ the surface of the wood.
woodcut; below
Woodcuts make use of the flat surface of wooden boards, but wood engravings use the end sections of the boards, yielding a ___________ surface.
hard, non-directional
In Paul Landacre's Growing Corn, we see a good example of the ___________ that can be obtained from the skillful use of wood engraving.
precise lines and tonal graduations
In the ___________ process, the artist creates clean-cut lines on a plate of copper, zinc, or steel by forcing a sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand.
Engraving
Etching is an intaglio process in which the matrix is covered with a waxy substance and the design is drawn into this substance. The completed matrix drawing is then put into a(n)______________.
acid bath that etches the exposed areas of the matrix
___________ is the only printmaking process in which prints can be rendered in paint as well as ink.
Serigraphy
The popularity of relief printing declined with the introduction of the _____________ process, which did not appear until the 15th century.
Intaglio
In works such as her Untitled mixed-media print of Chinese girls, Hung Liu's purpose is to _______________.
highlight the degradation of previous generations of Chinese women
Which of the following types of printmaking is not an essentially linear media?
Mezzotint
In The Painter and His Model, Picasso was able to approximate the effects of mezzotint with a much simpler technique known as _______________.
Aquatint
Aquatint is frequently used along with line etching to mimic the effects produced by _____________.
Wash drawings
_______________ is a type of etching that can be used to produce the effects of crayon or pencil drawings.
Soft-ground etching
The 20th-century American abstract artist Josef Albers created Solo V, an ink less intaglio technique known as _____________.
Gauffrage
Lithography, invented in the beginning of the 19th century by a German playwright, is a planographic, or ___________, printing process in which a ________ is used.
Surface; stone lab
Chinese artist Wang Guangyi's Great Criticism: Coca-Cola is a __________ that resembles a commercially produced propaganda poster.
Color Lithograph
Serigraphy, or silkscreen, was first developed for use as a(n) __________ medium, a fitting medium because Pop artist ____________ used to create Four-colored Marilyns.
commercial; Andy Warhol
The female image in Red Coat by Alex Katz is most reminiscent of a _____________.
supermodel icon
The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean ______________.
to write with light
When a camera shutter opens for a few thousandths of a second over and over in quick succession, ____________ shots are being taken.
Candid
A(n) __________ magnifies faraway objects and collapses the spaces between ordinarily distant objects.
telephoto lens
the "active layer" of film contains a(n) _________ of small particles of ____________.
emulsion; silver halide
With a Polaroid camera, the photograph appears before your eyes. This is an example of _____________ film.
Color reversal
Higher quality photographs are said to have higher ________________.
resolution
The first photographic process to leave permanent image was invented in 1826 and known as ____________.
heliography
The Artist's Studio, taken in 1837, was the first photograph of it's kind and was produced on silver-plated copper by _______________.
Daguerre
William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photogenic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of ___________, produced from a ______________.
plants; negative
After the daguerrotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____________ process, an example of which is Young Lady with an Umbrella.
autochrome
By the 1850's, photographic portrait studios became quite popular and began to serve the needs of _______________.
a growing middle class
Alexander Gardener's Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, Gettysburg is a graphic photo taken during the _______, probably from a camera in a wagon known as a ___________.
United States Civil War; Whatsit
Dorethea Lange's Migrant Mother is touching photograph taken during the period of ____________.
the Great Depression
Margaret Bourke-White wrote, "Using the camera was almost a relief; it interposed a slight barrier between myself and the white horror in from of me..." Here, Bourke-White is describing _____________.
Buchenwald during the Holocaust
Edwars Steichen's _______, taken in 1906, is one of the foremost early examples of the photograph as work of art.
The flatiron Building-Evening
A flash or whirl of abruptly changing newspaper headlines meant to indicate the progression of time and events in a film is known as a __________.
Montage
Which classic early color film depicted real life in black and white and imagery life in expressionistic color?
The Wizard of Oz
Salvador Dali and Luis Bunuel's 1928 surrealistic film Un Chien Andalou was intended by the creators to _____________.
evoke instinktive reactions of repulsion and attraction
Michaelangelo's The Cross-Legged Captive is an example of _______________ sculpture.
subtractive
Which of the following is not an additive sculptural process?
Carving
__________ is very likely the most demanding type of sculpture because the artist must have a clear concept of the final product from the very beginning of the process.
Carving
In the lost wax process, molten metal is poured into a fire-resistant mold known as a(n) _____________.
Investiture
Sherry Levine's Fountains after Duchamp pays homage to Marcel Duchamp's original Dada"readymade" and is a classic example of __________.
Appropriation Art
Louise Nevelson said, "I began using found objects. I had all this wood lying around and I began to move it around, I began to compose." Nevelson's compositions are considered ___________.
Assemblages
Due to its _________, clay is frequently used to make three-dimensional preparatory sketches for other sculptures.
weakness
In recent years, artists have produced __________ sculptures by welding , riveting, and soldering.
Direct-metal
Referring to sculptures such as __________, art critic Robert Hughes said such works were "everything that statues had not been: not monolithic, but open, not cast or carved, but assembled from flat planes."
Picasso's Mandolin and Clarinet
According to Marcel Duchamp, the function of a readymade was to ______________.
prompt the viewer to think and think again
The American sculptor __________ was one of the early pioneers of the _____________, the first form of art that made motion a basic element.
Calder; mobile
George Five Open Squares Gyratory is an example of a _________.
...
The painful realism of Kiki Smith's figures, complete with body parts and bodily fluids, was likely influenced by her career as a(n) ____________.
Emergency medical technician
Janine Antoni's 600-pound cube, titled Gnaw, is made of ___________ and sculpted by ___________.
chocolate; teeth
Site-specific works are distinguished from other artworks in that they are produced _______________.
In or for one location
Andy Goldsworthy's Ice Star was produced using ___________.
His breath
Goldsworthy's Storm King Wall snakes through fields and around trees, ____________ and reappears to continue along the landscape.
Dips into a pond
For The Ice Cube Project, Marco Evarissti and his crew _________ on an almost 10,000 square foot iceberg of the Greenland Coast
sprayed red dye
Walter de Maria's The Lightning Field is considered a spectacular example of _____________.
Land art
For her "Volcano" series, Ana Mendieta marked the presence of _____________ in the landscape using various methods and materials.
Her body
Daniel Libeskind's zigzag design for his extension of the Berlin Museum was derived mathematically from plotting the addresses of __________.
Jewish artists killed in the Holocaust
Michealangelo's David was originally installed as a public work of art for the __________ in Florence.
Piazza della Signoria
One of the most beloved public sculptures in America is Emma Stebbins' Angel of the Waters, located _________.
In New York's Central Park
A __________, located at the entrance to Barcelona's Parc Guell, has become a favorite symbol of the city.
Mosaic serpent by Gaudi
Located in Chicago's Millenium Park , Anish Kapoor's ______________ is nicknamed ___________ because of its elliptical shape.
Cloud Gate; the bean
Which of the following is central to Peter Eisenman's Holocaust Memorial in Berlin?
A sense of loss and absence
Which of the following statements about the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is not correct?
There is a large label that states who is being memorialized
Which of the following was designed to be a site-specific work?
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