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True fresco, or ____________, is executed on damp ____________

Buon fresco; lime plaster

Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as _____________.


Remembrandt used ____________ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew


Pop artist Roy Liechenstien's portrait of George Washington is an oil-on-canvas image that most resembles a(n)_______________.

Comic-book Hero

Helen Oji's Mount St. Helen's is an opaque impasto composition in the shape of a(n) ________________.

Japanese Kimono

Contemporary watercolor is referred to as _________, made up of pigments and the vehicle of ____________.

Aquarelle; gum arabic

___________ was the principal painting medium during the Byzantine and Romanesque eras of Christian art.


Master graffiti artists almost always add "tags" to their artworks, which are___________________.

stylized signatures

Miriam Schapiro's Maid of Honour is a paint-and-fabric construction that she labeled _________.


Ralph Going's Rock Ola is a contradiction of what we normally consider when we think of a watercolor on paper because the work is considered to be _________.


Gilbert Stuart's 18th-century traditional portrait of George Washington achieves a realistic likeness largely through _________.


The oldest form of printmaking is __________, and most likely the first people to use it were the ancient __________.

Serigraphy; Egyptians

Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a(n) __________. The areas that were not meant to be printed were carved out _________ the surface of the wood.

woodcut; below

Woodcuts make use of the flat surface of wooden boards, but wood engravings use the end sections of the boards, yielding a ___________ surface.

hard, non-directional

In Paul Landacre's Growing Corn, we see a good example of the ___________ that can be obtained from the skillful use of wood engraving.

precise lines and tonal graduations

In the ___________ process, the artist creates clean-cut lines on a plate of copper, zinc, or steel by forcing a sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand.


Etching is an intaglio process in which the matrix is covered with a waxy substance and the design is drawn into this substance. The completed matrix drawing is then put into a(n)______________.

acid bath that etches the exposed areas of the matrix

___________ is the only printmaking process in which prints can be rendered in paint as well as ink.


The popularity of relief printing declined with the introduction of the _____________ process, which did not appear until the 15th century.


In works such as her Untitled mixed-media print of Chinese girls, Hung Liu's purpose is to _______________.

highlight the degradation of previous generations of Chinese women

Which of the following types of printmaking is not an essentially linear media?


In The Painter and His Model, Picasso was able to approximate the effects of mezzotint with a much simpler technique known as _______________.


Aquatint is frequently used along with line etching to mimic the effects produced by _____________.

Wash drawings

_______________ is a type of etching that can be used to produce the effects of crayon or pencil drawings.

Soft-ground etching

The 20th-century American abstract artist Josef Albers created Solo V, an ink less intaglio technique known as _____________.


Lithography, invented in the beginning of the 19th century by a German playwright, is a planographic, or ___________, printing process in which a ________ is used.

Surface; stone lab

Chinese artist Wang Guangyi's Great Criticism: Coca-Cola is a __________ that resembles a commercially produced propaganda poster.

Color Lithograph

Serigraphy, or silkscreen, was first developed for use as a(n) __________ medium, a fitting medium because Pop artist ____________ used to create Four-colored Marilyns.

commercial; Andy Warhol

The female image in Red Coat by Alex Katz is most reminiscent of a _____________.

supermodel icon

The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean ______________.

to write with light

When a camera shutter opens for a few thousandths of a second over and over in quick succession, ____________ shots are being taken.


A(n) __________ magnifies faraway objects and collapses the spaces between ordinarily distant objects.

telephoto lens

the "active layer" of film contains a(n) _________ of small particles of ____________.

emulsion; silver halide

With a Polaroid camera, the photograph appears before your eyes. This is an example of _____________ film.

Color reversal

Higher quality photographs are said to have higher ________________.


The first photographic process to leave permanent image was invented in 1826 and known as ____________.


The Artist's Studio, taken in 1837, was the first photograph of it's kind and was produced on silver-plated copper by _______________.


William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photogenic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of ___________, produced from a ______________.

plants; negative

After the daguerrotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____________ process, an example of which is Young Lady with an Umbrella.


By the 1850's, photographic portrait studios became quite popular and began to serve the needs of _______________.

a growing middle class

Alexander Gardener's Home of a Rebel Sharpshooter, Gettysburg is a graphic photo taken during the _______, probably from a camera in a wagon known as a ___________.

United States Civil War; Whatsit

Dorethea Lange's Migrant Mother is touching photograph taken during the period of ____________.

the Great Depression

Margaret Bourke-White wrote, "Using the camera was almost a relief; it interposed a slight barrier between myself and the white horror in from of me..." Here, Bourke-White is describing _____________.

Buchenwald during the Holocaust

Edwars Steichen's _______, taken in 1906, is one of the foremost early examples of the photograph as work of art.

The flatiron Building-Evening

A flash or whirl of abruptly changing newspaper headlines meant to indicate the progression of time and events in a film is known as a __________.


Which classic early color film depicted real life in black and white and imagery life in expressionistic color?

The Wizard of Oz

Salvador Dali and Luis Bunuel's 1928 surrealistic film Un Chien Andalou was intended by the creators to _____________.

evoke instinktive reactions of repulsion and attraction

Michaelangelo's The Cross-Legged Captive is an example of _______________ sculpture.


Which of the following is not an additive sculptural process?


__________ is very likely the most demanding type of sculpture because the artist must have a clear concept of the final product from the very beginning of the process.


In the lost wax process, molten metal is poured into a fire-resistant mold known as a(n) _____________.


Sherry Levine's Fountains after Duchamp pays homage to Marcel Duchamp's original Dada"readymade" and is a classic example of __________.

Appropriation Art

Louise Nevelson said, "I began using found objects. I had all this wood lying around and I began to move it around, I began to compose." Nevelson's compositions are considered ___________.


Due to its _________, clay is frequently used to make three-dimensional preparatory sketches for other sculptures.


In recent years, artists have produced __________ sculptures by welding , riveting, and soldering.


Referring to sculptures such as __________, art critic Robert Hughes said such works were "everything that statues had not been: not monolithic, but open, not cast or carved, but assembled from flat planes."

Picasso's Mandolin and Clarinet

According to Marcel Duchamp, the function of a readymade was to ______________.

prompt the viewer to think and think again

The American sculptor __________ was one of the early pioneers of the _____________, the first form of art that made motion a basic element.

Calder; mobile

George Five Open Squares Gyratory is an example of a _________.


The painful realism of Kiki Smith's figures, complete with body parts and bodily fluids, was likely influenced by her career as a(n) ____________.

Emergency medical technician

Janine Antoni's 600-pound cube, titled Gnaw, is made of ___________ and sculpted by ___________.

chocolate; teeth

Site-specific works are distinguished from other artworks in that they are produced _______________.

In or for one location

Andy Goldsworthy's Ice Star was produced using ___________.

His breath

Goldsworthy's Storm King Wall snakes through fields and around trees, ____________ and reappears to continue along the landscape.

Dips into a pond

For The Ice Cube Project, Marco Evarissti and his crew _________ on an almost 10,000 square foot iceberg of the Greenland Coast

sprayed red dye

Walter de Maria's The Lightning Field is considered a spectacular example of _____________.

Land art

For her "Volcano" series, Ana Mendieta marked the presence of _____________ in the landscape using various methods and materials.

Her body

Daniel Libeskind's zigzag design for his extension of the Berlin Museum was derived mathematically from plotting the addresses of __________.

Jewish artists killed in the Holocaust

Michealangelo's David was originally installed as a public work of art for the __________ in Florence.

Piazza della Signoria

One of the most beloved public sculptures in America is Emma Stebbins' Angel of the Waters, located _________.

In New York's Central Park

A __________, located at the entrance to Barcelona's Parc Guell, has become a favorite symbol of the city.

Mosaic serpent by Gaudi

Located in Chicago's Millenium Park , Anish Kapoor's ______________ is nicknamed ___________ because of its elliptical shape.

Cloud Gate; the bean

Which of the following is central to Peter Eisenman's Holocaust Memorial in Berlin?

A sense of loss and absence

Which of the following statements about the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is not correct?

There is a large label that states who is being memorialized

Which of the following was designed to be a site-specific work?


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