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Psychology of learning Unit 2
Terms in this set (30)
Which of the following best illustrates a sense of self image or personal identity.
Carlos sees himself as a caring individual who is truly concerned about other people's lives and needs.
Students are most likely to be motivated to do things that in one way or another result in desirable consequences for themselves - they get something. This motivation operates on their environment. These statements are most consistent with which one of the following theoretical perspectives of motivation.
Psychologists understand that the definition of intelligence is culture-specific; That "intelligent behavior in one culture is not necessarily considered intelligent behavior in a different culture. Three of the following are aspects of intelligence regardless of the culture in which it is found. Which one is limited to intelligence in some cultures but not in others?
Getting a high GPA
Which one of the following is the best example of extrinsic motivation?
Wanting a good grade in your history class.
Three of the following teacher statements are likely to enhance students' self-efficacy for mastering mathematics. Which one will not necessarily enhance self-efficacy of math mastery?
"My students last year didn't do well simply because they weren't motivated and didn't want to work hard"
An authoritative parenting style is seen in which one of the following samples involving junior high school students.
Henry's parents have high expectations for him but often ask him for his opinion when they set guidelines for acceptable behavior.
Which one of the following teachers is most likely to promote intrinsic motivation in his or her students?
Ms. Benedetti describes events in history so vividly that her students are captivated during the entire lesson.
Mr. French is planning an upcoming unit on adjectives and adverbs. He begins by determining what he ultimately wants students to know and be able to do at the end of the unit. He then creates an assignment that will effectually measure such knowledge and skills. Finally, he designs a series of lessons that will help students perform well on the assignment. Mr. French's approach can best be described as:
A backward design
Which one of the following best illustrates differentiated instruction? Assigning different reading materials to different students, depending on each student's current reading skills.
Assigning different reading materials to different students depending on each student's current reading skills
Vygotsky's concept of zone of proximal development can best be described as:
the range of tasks children can accomplish only with support
Which one of the following most accurately describes the general concept of temperament.
An inherited predisposition to interact with one's environment in certain ways.
Which one of the following statement reflects Kohlberg's preconventional moral reasoning?
"It's okay to cheat on this exam because the teacher isn't watching me and I will get a better grade."
Sixteen-year-old Reynelda has known since she was 4 years old that she will become a teacher. Her grandmother was a teacher, and her mother and two aunts are teachers. She's never really even thought about any other occupation. Reynelda can best be described as showing.
Which one of the following examples illustrates how the imaginary audience can be a factor in the adolescent's development self-concept>
Bernita feels as if everyone must be looking at her when she walks down the hall with her friends.
As children row older, many of their neurons begin to transmit more rapidly than they did in the early years of life, thanks to:
The process of myelination approving neural function.
Which one of the following students is displaying intrinsic motivation?
Cassie does her math homework faithfully ever night because she likes her teacher and wants to please him.
Marietta is a female high school student. Considering what psychologist have learned about the effects of gender schemas, and without knowing anything else about Marietta, in which are would you expect her to have the strongest motivation to do well - stereotypically?
If teachers consider both Gardner's and Sternberg's views of intelligence, they would be most likely to conclude that:
Most students are likely to be "intelligent" in one or multiple ways.
Danny is a quite 11-year-old who usually keeps to himself. Some of the other boys in class like to tease him when the teacher isn't looking because they know that they can provoke him to fight, and then Danny hits them and gets in trouble. This type of aggression that Danny exhibits is called:
We distinguished between teacher-directed and student directed forms of instruction (Note: Instruction is intended to be student-centered most all of the time). Which one of the following best describes how teachers should view these two approaches (teacher-directed and student directed)?
The best approach varies depending on the needs of the students and the goals of instruction.
The following indicated the three over-arching, general, principles of development?
Development takes place in a orderly fashion, it takes place over time, and occurs at varying rates.
Lily is 10 years old. She gets a score of 99 on the IQ test. What does this tell us about her intellectual ability?
Lily's score is about average for her age group.
Julie, a sixth grader, nearly always eats lunch wth the same five or six girls. They are not antiestablishment but they usually spread out at the table in order to prevent other students from joining them. Sometimes they even plan together what they will wear to school the next day. Julie's group is an example of:
As a teacher, you want two students who have physical disabilities to develop closer friendships with their non disabled classmates. Of the following choices, an effective instructional approach to use for this purpose is:
All of these students are relatively successful but only one of the the following definitely illustrates high self-efficacy. Which one?
Amy knows she is a good singer
An instructional objective that requires students to first talk about the different parts of speech in a sentence - to know what they are and then put those parts together to form a single sentence is at which level of Bloom's taxonomy presented in the textbook?
Which one of the following is the best example of a student attributing success to internal factors according to Weiner's attribution theory of motivation?
Sue Ellen has just gotten a good grade on her geography test. She is proud that she did so well and glad that she studied hard.
Imagine that you are a third-grade teacher. If you look at cognitive development from Piaget's perspective which stage would best characterize most of your students?
Concrete operational stage
As a 17-year-old high school senior, Julian has no sense of direction. Over the past year, he has dabbled in auto mechanics, photography, and Buddhism, but nothing has held his interest for more than a month or so. Julian can best be described as showing which level of identity development?
A higher-level question asks students to respond in which one of the following ways?
To develop or create an answer students haven't specifically been taught.
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