Scientists repeat a study under slightly different circumstances than the original to ______ the hypothesis.
Scientists are cautious about making generalizations about _____ _____ because they can not always be replicated.
Taking a placebo is sometimes effective as taking a medication because the participant's _____ affected the results.
A measure of how closely one thing is related to another; used for analyzing and interpreting observation
Since it is usually impossible to interview every member of a population that is being studied, psychologists select a samples of the ______population.
In a/an ________, each member of a population has an equal chance of being chosen to participate
Members of the ___________ group in an experiment are the participant who receive the treatment.
Which information is more reliable, the information gained in longitudinal or cross-sectional?
Stanley Milgram experiment
Hypothesis: Germans were more obedient than the rest of us due to the Holocaust horrors. Ran an experiment where one person was the teacher and the other the learner. He gave a fake high voltage to people who were in another room. Conclusion: 63% complied fully to the highest voltage. Next time, he had his actors fake a heart condition and still 65% complied fully. This shows that we tend to be obedient to people we see as authority figures.
Zimbardo Prison Experiment
Demonstrated the powerful role that the situation can play in human behavior. Because the guards were placed in a position of power, they began to behave in ways they would not normally act in their everyday lives or in other situations. The prisoners, placed in a situation where they had no real control, became passive and depressed. Similar to the real life situation of the events at Abu Graib Prison