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23 terms

Biology Ecology Part 2

9th grade Biology Honors Mr. Seally
STUDY
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carrying capacity
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
deforestation
destruction of forests
direct harvesting
the destruction of an organism, or the removal of an organism from its habitat
fossil fuel
a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of organisms that lived long ago
global warming
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
industrialization
the development of industry on an extensive scale
nonrenewable resource
a resource that cannot be replaced
nuclear fuel
an energy source that results from splitting atoms
ozone shield
the layer of ozone gas in the upper atmosphere that protects Earth from some of the Sun's radiation
pollution
release of harmful materials into the environment
renewable resource
a natural resource that can be restored
technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
trade-off
an exchange of one benefit for another
water cycle
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
overhunting
to chase or search for for the purpose of catching or killing
poaching
illegal hunting
endangered species
a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at risk of extinction
biocide
substance that destroys many different organisms
pesticide
a chemical used to kill pests
herbicide
a chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth
conservation
the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources
biological control
a method of pest control that involves the use of naturally occurring disease organisms, parasites, or predators to control pests
biomass
the total mass of living matter in a given unit area