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Terms in this set (39)
To facilitate communication and trade between northern and southern China, the Sui built the
What was not one of the reasons for the fall of the Sui dynasty?
Adherence to Buddhism
What was the political influence of Buddhism in the Tang Empire?
It accorded to emperors the spiritual function of welding the people into a harmonious society
The Tang Empire is considered "cosmopolitan" because
its breadth of diversity in styles, goods, and cultures from every part of Asia
The complex network of religious influence in the Tang dynasty was based on this form of Buddhism
The tributary system was a practice in which
independent countries acknowledged the supremacy of the Chinese emperor
In the aftermath of the Tang empire, three new states emerged: the Khitan, the Tanggut, and the
Among scientific observations by Song intellectuals was
the explosion of the Crab Nebula in 1054
Chinese maritime innovations included
compasses and large oceangoing ships called junks
Gunpowder was first used to propel clusters of flaming arrows by the Chinese against whom?
The use of printed materials in rural life included all of the following except:
directions for cross pollination of crops
The use of "flying money" in the Song Empire was essentially a form of intercity and interregional
The most serious rivals to the Tang Empire were the
Uigurs and Tibetans
The Tang Empire declined when
political decay and military decline undermined the social order
After the decline of the Tang Empire, the states that emerged were
Khitan, Song, and Tanggut
The people of the Liao Empire of the Khitans
had a pastoral tradition and were excellent horsemen
Historians state that Song technological innovations led to
the Song coming close to having an industrial revolution
Chinese transportation innovations during the Song period included significant design improvement of this device
Which are important technological innovations of the Song empire?
the stern-mounted rudder, high-quality steel, and gunpowder
Which of the following cannot be said about Zhu Xi's neo-Confucianism?
It asserted that the ideal human is the warrior
Some Buddhists drew upon Indian and Tibetan folk practice and created a meditative practice known generally as Chan Buddhism and by this specific term in Japan
According to Neo-Confucianism, the person who could preserve mental stability and serenity was the
By instituting civil service examinations for entrance into the government bureaucracy, the Song
recruited the most talented men for government service
Which of the following statements about the development of movable type and the availability of printed material is not true?
It helped spread subversive ideas and caused a number of rebellions, just as printing would in the West in the sixteenth century
As prosperity and population increased in Song China, Chinese officials
developed water management, waste management, and firefighting techniques
The Song system of credit was based on guarantees that paper money could be redeemed for coinage. This was called
During the Song period, women experienced subordination and social restriction, epitomized by
Confucianism spread to East Asia with the spread of
the ideographic Chinese writing system
In the early tenth century, Korea was united under which dynasty?
The first knowledge of Korea, Japan, and Vietnam was demonstrated by
early Chinese travelers and officials
Prior to contact with China, Koreans believed in the practice of certain individuals being able to contact ancestors and the invisible spiritual world. This religion is called
Which of the following was replaced in China by the Korean innovation called movable type?
On the basis of present evidence, most scholars believe that the first unification of central Japan occurred when
Korean warriors united the small countries of Japan under a central government
Which of the following Chinese customs did the Japanese choose not to implement
Walls around its cities for protection
seldom wielded any real political power
Why did the Fujiwara family of Heian Japan choose to entrust responsibility for local government to their warriors, called "samurai"?
They preferred aesthetic pursuits
Murasaki Shikibu is famous for what?
Writing the Tale of Genji
Among the tribute gifts brought to Song China from Champa was
quick ripening rice
It appears that women enjoyed greater status in Korea and Vietnam; for example,
the Trung sisters of Vietnam led local farmers in resistance against invaders
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