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Geography Europe 2018
Terms in this set (121)
Name several facts about VIKINGS.
1) Vikings are also known as Norse Men.
2) They first conquered land in 793 A.D.
3) They got as far as Paris.
4) Some came from Denmark
5) They were pirates.
6) They were not Christians.
7) They did not respect religious beliefs.
8) They terrorized people in England, Scotland, Ireland, France, and Russia.
What is the definition of Northern Europe?
Iceland, Ireland, United Kingdom, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland.
What is the definition of British Isles?
A group of islands NW of and separated from the rest of Europe, Made up of 2 main islands of Ireland and Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales) and about 6,000 smaller islands.
What is the definition of fjord?
Narrow inlets of the sea set between high, rocky cliffs. Caused by glaciers- particularly in Norway's western coast line.
What is the definition of North Atlantic Drift?
An ocean that brings warm, moist air across the Atlantic. This current keeps most of Northern Europe warmer than other locations on the globe at those same latitudes.
What is the definition of Northern Lights?
AKA Aurora Borealis- The Northern Lights are a display of colored lights in the sky caused by the interaction of particles from the sun with the upper atmosphere near the pole.
What is Norway's national animal?
What is Norway's population?
What is Norway's language?
What is Norway's religion?
What is Norway's capital?
What is Norway's government?
What is Norway's national symbol?
What are two interesting facts about Norway?
1) They are the largest exporter of salmon.
2) They invented the cheese slicer.
What happened during 793-1099AD in Norway?
The Viking era in Norway
What year did Norway begging "Christianization"?
What disease hit Norway in the 1300's and killed half the population?
The Black Plague
What countries are in the Kalmar Union?
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
What caused war between Norway and Sweden and what year?
Norway was given to the king of Sweden; 1814
When did Norway gain independence from Sweden?
What country took control of Norway until the end of WW2?
What are 3 places to visit in Norway?
Fjords, Sognefjord, and the Northern lights
What is the Sognefjord?
Norway's longest Fjord
What is Sweden's national bird?
What is Sweden's population?
What is Sweden's language?
What is Norway's religion?
Lutheran (but a secular society)
What is Sweden's capital?
What is Sweden's government?
What are two interesting facts about Sweden?
1) They creates the seat belt
2) IKEA was founded in Sweden
What country was probably covered in ice thousands of years ago?
What was the kings name who converted Sweden to Christianity?
Why and what year did Sweden leave the Kalmar Union?
They strongly favored their own individuality; 1523
What country remained neutral during WW2?
What are 2 tourism sites of Sweden?
1) Ice hotel
2) The Vasa Museum
What is the Vasa Museum?
A recovered ship
Name several facts about Stonehenge
1) They circle ring around it is the oldest part.
2) There are two barrows with human remains.
3) It could possibly have been a burial ground.
4) It has no written records.
5) Thousands of myths are formed from Stonehenge.
6) The sun rises & sets in line with some of the stones.
7) Nobody knows for sure how it got there.
8) The queen owns the land.
Name several facts about the Yugoslav wars
1) Yugoslav doesn't exist anymore.
2) It was fought between 1991 & 2001.
3) Issues of ethnicity is we're not solved when countries declared independence.
4) These we're described as Europe's goriest wars.
5) There was genocide and rape.
6) The Serbian leaders tried to take advantage of the situation.
7) The Bosnian war was the bloodiest.
What is the definition of the Balkan Peninsula?
A peninsula in SE Europe, south of the Danube River and bordered by the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean and Black seas.
What is the definition of NATO?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization- an alliance formed in 1949 in response to communist aggression, today made up of 29 nations that agree to the mutual defense of each other in response to an attack by any external party.
What is the national bird of Finland?
What is the population of Finland?
What is the language of Finland?
What is the religion of Finland?
What is the capital of Finland?
What is the government of Finland?
What is an interesting fact about Finland?
They have a "day of failure" day
When did Finland become part of the Swedish realm?
When did Sweden surrender Finland to Russia?
When did Finland declare independence from Russia and coincide with the communist revolution?
When did Finland become part of the United Nations and the European Union?
What is one tourism thing in Finland?
What is the national animal of the U.K.?
What is the national bird of U.K.?
What is the population of the U.K.?
What is the language of the U.K.?
What is the religion of the U.K.?
What is the capital of the U.K.?
What is the government of the U.K.?
Who is the prime minister of the U.K.?
Who is the Queen of the U.K.?
Queen Elizabeth II
What are 2 interesting facts about the U.K.?
1) English drink the most tea in the world.
2) London opened the first hot chocolate store.
What 2 countries did England join with to create "Great Britain"?
Wales and Scotland (1604)
What countries are in the U.K. And what year did they form?
Northern Ireland, England, Scotland, and Wales; 1801
In the 1900's how much of the worlds landmass did the U.K. posses and become the largest empire in world history?
In what ways can the influence of the U.K. be seen around the world?
Language and religion
In what two wars did the U.K. hold off Germany as members of the allied powers?
WW1 and WW2
What 9 countries have nuclear capability?
U.S.A., France, U.K., Russia, China, India, Pakistan, North Korea, Israel
Who is Americas closest ally?
What are places of tourism in the U.K.?
Stonehenge, Tower of London, and Westminster Abbey
What is the national bird of Ireland?
What is the national animal of Ireland?
What is the population of Ireland?
What are the languages of Ireland?
English and Irish (no official language)
What is the religion of Ireland?
What is the capital of Ireland?
What is the government of Ireland?
What are 2 interesting facts about Ireland?
1) They are the only country to have a national symbol as an instrument.
2) It has a place with the longest name.
What year did Celtic Ireland rule clans and Pagan Polytheistic religions?
Who brought Christianity to Ireland and what year?
St Patrick; 400AD
When did the Vikings terrorize Ireland?
When did the Normans invade and set up English rule?
During English rule, what country fought back many times?
When was the Irish potato famine and drought occur?
What country had a potato famine?
How many Irish emigrated to the U.S. during the potato famine?
When was the Irish civil war?
When was the republic of Ireland formed?
Northern Ireland was marked by ___________
What are tourist sites of Ireland?
Cliffs of Moher and the Blarney Castle
What is the national bird of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
What is the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
What is the language of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Bosnian, Serbian, and Croation
What is the religion of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Orthodox Christian and Muslim
What is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
What is the government of Bosnia and Herzegovina?
What are interesting facts about Bosnia and Herzegovina?
1) Nicknamed "heart shaped land"
2) First European country to use trams
Who conquered Bosnia and Herzegovina in 168BC?
When did Bosnia and Herzegovina become Christian?
1st century AD
Territory was conquered by the _________ in Bosnia and Herzegovina
When did Bosnia and Herzegovina convert to Islam?
After WW1, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of ________ in 1918
When do the Nazis take over Bosnia and Herzegovina and Yugoslavia?
When did Bosnia and Herzegovina incorporate into socialist Yugoslavia?
When did Bosnia gain independence, than have a civil war?
How long has Bosnia and Herzegovina been independent?
What are some tourism sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina?
Perucica jungle (last jungle in Europe), Latin bridge (where Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated), and they host the most popular film festival in all of the Balkans and south Central Europe
What is the population of Ukraine?
What is the language of Ukraine?
Ukrainian and Russian
What is the religion of Ukraine?
What is the capital of Ukraine?
What is the government of Ukraine?
Democratic republic with a president
What are some facts about Ukraine?
1) Christians are forbidden to play cards.
2) Ukrainians wear their wedding rings on their right hand.
What was the center of trade during Medieval era?
Who took Kiev and ruled 200 years? What year?
What countries did Ukraine become part of?
Poland and Russia
When was Ukraine absorbed into the Soviet Union?
Who created an artificial famine to punish unruly farmers and starved 7-10 million Ukrainians to death? What year?
Joseph Stalin; 1930
How many Ukrainian Jews were killed by the Nazis? What time era?
1 million; 1940's
What year do Ukraine declare independence? What event was this after?
1991; Collapse of the Soviet Union
Who send troops into Ukraine and retakes Crimea, Ukraine for Russia? What year?
Vladimir Putin; 2014
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