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the name of a person, place, thing or idea.

Common Noun

any noun that is not proper.

Proper Noun

the name of a particular, person, place, thing, or idea; always capitalized.

Concrete Noun

any noun that can be experienced with one of the five senses.

Abstract Noun

a thought, feeling, concept, or idea.

Collective Noun

a singular noun that stands for more than one. Ex class or team.


a word that takes the place of a noun.

Personal Pronouns

Ex. I, me, mine, you, your, yours, etc. Divided inot first, second, and third person, singular and plural.

Reflexive Pronouns

Ex. myself, yourself, ourselves, etc.

Demonstrative Pronouns

Ex. this, that, these, and those (must be used without a noun).

Relative Pronouns

Ex. who, whom, which, and that. Introduces an adjective clause.

Interrogative Pronouns

Ex. who, whom which, and that. Introduces a question.

Indefinite Pronouns

do you have a specific antecedent (a noun to which the pronoun refers).


a word that describes a noun or pronoun.


shows action or expression a state of being.

Linking Verbs

is, be, am, are, was, were.

Helping Verbs (include linking verbs)

been, has, have, had, do, does, did, may, can, might, must, shall, will, should, would, could.

Transitive Verb

an action verb that transfers its action to a direct object.

Intransitive Verb

any verb without a direst object.

Indirect Object

a noun or pronoun that comes after the verb, and before the direst object and tell to whom or for whom the action is being done.


modifies (describes) a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Often ends in ly.


a word that shows the position of its object (a noun or pronoun) to the rest of the sentence. If there a word that is often used as a proposition and it is not followed by a noun or pronoun, then it is a adverb.


a word that connect thoughts, phrases and sentences.

Coordinating Conjunctions

and, or, nor, for, but, so, yet.

Correlation Conjunctions

not only...but also, either...or, neither...nor, whether...or.

Subordinating Conjunctions

include the following: because, after, although, as, as far, before, if, in order that, since, so that, unless, until, when, and while.


a word that shows excitenment or surprise and has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence. It would set off with an exclamation point or a comma.

Predicate Adjective (complement)

a noun or pronoun in the predicate that describes the subject. Always follows a linking verb.

Predicate Nominative (complement)

an adjective in the predicate the describes the subject. Always follows a linking verb.

Complete Predicate

the verb and everything after it.

Simple Predicate

the complete verb only.

Complete Subject

the noun(s) or pronoun(s) the sentence is about and all its modifiers.

Simple Subject

only noun(s) or pronoun(s) that the sentence is about.

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