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33 terms

GNG English 11 Grammer

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Noun
the name of a person, place, thing or idea.
Common Noun
any noun that is not proper.
Proper Noun
the name of a particular, person, place, thing, or idea; always capitalized.
Concrete Noun
any noun that can be experienced with one of the five senses.
Abstract Noun
a thought, feeling, concept, or idea.
Collective Noun
a singular noun that stands for more than one. Ex class or team.
Pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun.
Personal Pronouns
Ex. I, me, mine, you, your, yours, etc. Divided inot first, second, and third person, singular and plural.
Reflexive Pronouns
Ex. myself, yourself, ourselves, etc.
Demonstrative Pronouns
Ex. this, that, these, and those (must be used without a noun).
Relative Pronouns
Ex. who, whom, which, and that. Introduces an adjective clause.
Interrogative Pronouns
Ex. who, whom which, and that. Introduces a question.
Indefinite Pronouns
do you have a specific antecedent (a noun to which the pronoun refers).
Adjective
a word that describes a noun or pronoun.
Verb
shows action or expression a state of being.
Linking Verbs
is, be, am, are, was, were.
Helping Verbs (include linking verbs)
been, has, have, had, do, does, did, may, can, might, must, shall, will, should, would, could.
Transitive Verb
an action verb that transfers its action to a direct object.
Intransitive Verb
any verb without a direst object.
Indirect Object
a noun or pronoun that comes after the verb, and before the direst object and tell to whom or for whom the action is being done.
Adverb
modifies (describes) a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Often ends in ly.
Preposition
a word that shows the position of its object (a noun or pronoun) to the rest of the sentence. If there a word that is often used as a proposition and it is not followed by a noun or pronoun, then it is a adverb.
Conjunction
a word that connect thoughts, phrases and sentences.
Coordinating Conjunctions
and, or, nor, for, but, so, yet.
Correlation Conjunctions
not only...but also, either...or, neither...nor, whether...or.
Subordinating Conjunctions
include the following: because, after, although, as, as far, before, if, in order that, since, so that, unless, until, when, and while.
Interjection
a word that shows excitenment or surprise and has no grammatical connection to the rest of the sentence. It would set off with an exclamation point or a comma.
Predicate Adjective (complement)
a noun or pronoun in the predicate that describes the subject. Always follows a linking verb.
Predicate Nominative (complement)
an adjective in the predicate the describes the subject. Always follows a linking verb.
Complete Predicate
the verb and everything after it.
Simple Predicate
the complete verb only.
Complete Subject
the noun(s) or pronoun(s) the sentence is about and all its modifiers.
Simple Subject
only noun(s) or pronoun(s) that the sentence is about.