Sonority New Spec

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Terms in this set (...)

Sonority
the type of sound an instrument makes. Also known as 'timbre'
Vocals
The use of voices.
Soprano voice
A high pitched female voice.
Tenor voice
A high male voice.
Alto voice
A low female voice.
Bass voice
A low male voice.
Countertenor
a male alto achieved using a falsetto voice
Falsetto
'false voice' technique where male singers can sing higher using a softer voice.
Vibrato
A slight regular wavering of a pitch used by singers and instrument players to add warmth and interest to the note.
Instrumental Music
Music played by instruments only. (No singing!)
Instrumental family
e.g. String family, Woodwind family, Percussion family, Brass family.
Muted (Con sordino)
To deaden/quieten the sound. Brass players put mutes in the bell of the instrument to do this.
Con arco (Arco)
with a bow
Pizzicato (pizz)
plucked with the finger
Double stopping
when 2 strings are played at once
Tremolo/tremolando
literally means 'trembling'. Rapid up & down movements of the bow on the strings. Good for building suspense etc.
Reverb
Imitating the way sound behaves in different sized venues eg a cave, concert hall.
Distortion
Usually used in rock, this is when an instrument is forced to sound 'aggressive.'
Chorus
This is when a voice or instrument is multiplied electronically, so it sounds like many
Multitracking
A recording technique where different sounds/instruments are recorded seperately and played back together e.g. Logic
Compression
Used mostly as a recording technique, this is where the quietest sounds are boosted and the loudest are lowered, so the recording is evened out.
Vocodor
Device used to electronically combine a human voice with a musical instrument
Sequence
Electronic device or computer program that is used to record, edit and play back music data using MIDI
Sampling
taking a sound recording (or a portion of it) to edit, manipulate as part of a new composition
Scat singing
usually used for improvisation in jazz singing, involves singing sounds imitating the sound of an instrument.
Double tracking
doubling up of recorded part to make it sound fuller
Beat boxing
simulating drums using voice
Rim shot
simultaneously hitting the rim and head of the drum, making a louder 'crack' sound. Good for accenting notes
Palm muting
guitar technique, using part of the hand to mute the strings whilst they are being played
Hammer-on / Pull off
guitar technique - sounding notes without strumming by hammering on to the fingerboard or pulling off
Slide guitar
glissando technique created by moving a bottleneck or similar implement across the strings, mainly used in blues and country styles.
Slap bass
bass guitar technique, using thumb to hit down on the strings and other fingers to flick upwards off the strings.