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Gender & Sexuality - Teen Pep
Terms in this set (60)
The name for male or female sex cells.
Ova (ovum or egg)
The female gamete.
The name for all other body cells that are not gametes.
Number of individual chromosomes.
Number of chromosomal pairs.
The 22 pairs of chromosomes that are not the sex chromosomes.
The genetic chromosomal code for a female.
The genetic chromosomal code for a male.
Internal, external, and hormonal characteristics
The three characteristics that the sex chromosomes effect.
The name for the sex glands in males or females.
The female gonad.
The male gonad.
The week of pregnancy in which the gonadal sex of the embryo is apparent and the sex of the child becomes obvious.
Estrogen and Progesterone
The two hormones that the ovaries secrete.
The hormone that the testes secrete.
The two week period in which the two different internal systems of ducts and tubes begin to develop depending on genetic sex.
Wolffian ducts (epididymis, vas defrens, ejaculatory ducts)
The male duct system.
Mullerian ducts (fallopian tubes, uterus, upper part of the vagina)
The female duct system.
The hormone that stimulates the development of the prostate gland.
The month in which the development of internal and external sexual anatomy is completed.
- Prostate gland
- Cowper's gland
- Shaft of penis
- Scrotal sac
- Foreskin of penis
- Glands of penis
The seven homologous sexual structures in males.
- Skene's gland
- Bartholin's gland
- Labia minora
- Labia majora
- Hood of clitoris
The seven homologous sexual structures in females.
Congenital Adrenogenital Syndrome
- Female embryos are exposed to male hormones
- Masculinity effect on female genitalia
- Enlarged clitoris that looks like a penis
- Labia joined together that look like scrotum
- Internal organs are intact
- Plastic surgery is performed, hormones are also used
- Fertility later in life is not affected.
Congenital insensitivity to androgen syndrome
- Also called testicular feminization
- Chromosomal abnormality in which the body cells of a genetic male are insensitive to androgens
- XY chromosomes, x-sex linked abnormality
- Internally male
- Externally female (vagina is a dead end pouch
- By appearance of external genitalia baby is raised a girl
- Mutant gene inhibits the conversion of testosterone into DHT
- Testes do not descent into scrotum
- External genitalia is ambiguous
- Internally male
Genital mutilation in infancy
Biological condition caused by a botched circumcision.
- genetic male has an extra X chromosome
- 47 chromosomes instead of 46
- Most common chromosomal disorder
- Effects 1 in every 500 live male births
- Often not diagnosed until adulthood
- normal external and internal genitalia
- Testes do not produce testosterone, sterile, often impotent
- sex chromosome is missing (only one X)
- 45 chromosomes instead of 46
- Ovaries do not form properly
- External genitalia is normal
- Infertility, absence of menstruation, short in stature, may have unusual facial appearance, heart and kidney abnormalities
- Have both ovarian and testicular tissue
- many have a uterus and Fallopian tube on one side and a vas defrens on the other
- some have male and female internal genitalia that develop on both sides of the uterus
- exact prevalence is not known
These come into play from the moment of birth and play a large role in how we perceive and express ourselves in all relationships.
This refers to the physiological and anatomical attributes of males and females
This refers to the cultural and psychological attributes that children learn are appropriate for the sexes.
A term for people whose gender identity and expression does not align with man, woman, or any other gender. A similar term used by some is gender-neutral.
Identifying and/or presenting as neither distinguishably masculine nor feminine.
Someone whose gender identity encompasses both man and woman. Some may feel that one side or the other is stronger, but both sides are present.
A system of viewing gender as consisting solely of two identities and sexes, man and woman or male and female.
A term used to describe someone whose gender identity aligns with the sex assigned to them at birth.
How some transgender people refer to their given name at birth.
Clinically defined as significant and durational distress caused when a person's assigned birth gender is not the same as the one with which they identify.
The external appearance of a person's gender identity, usually expressed through behavior, clothing, haircut or voice, and which may or may not conform to socially defined masculine or feminine behaviors and characteristics.
A person who does not identify with a single fixed gender, and expresses a fluid or unfixed gender identity. One's expression of identity is likely to shift and change depending on context.
A person's innermost concept of self as man, woman, a blend of both, or neither - how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves.
A broad term referring to people who do not behave in a way that conforms to the traditional expectations of their gender, or whose gender expression does not fit neatly into a category.
A person who may be processing, questioning, or exploring how they want to express their gender identity.
People who identify as this may see themselves as being both male and female, neither male nor female or as falling completely outside these categories.
Referring to or addressing someone using words and pronouns that do not correctly reflect the gender with which they identify.
Any gender that falls outside of the binary system of male/female or man/woman.
A term used by transgender people which means that they are perceived by others as the gender with which they self-identify.
An umbrella term people often use to express fluid identities and orientations.
An umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or expression is different from cultural and social expectations based on the sex they were assigned at birth.
Society's ideas about which abilities, interests, traits, and behaviors are appropriately masculine or feminine.
genes, hormones, brain organization
It is believed that toy and play preferences are based on these three biological influences.
Girls who are exposed to this hormone in the womb were more likely to play with lincoln logs, cars, and exhibit more aggressive behavior.
A mental network of knowledge, beliefs, metaphors, and expectations about what it means to be male or female.
The age in which most babies can associate male and female voices with the correct face
The gender that has a more rigid gender schema.
5-7 years old
The age in which the gender schema is most rigid
The process by which parents, teachers, and society responds to girls versus boys and imposes acceptable behavior.
A statistical index of the size of a particular difference between
the things that are being studied.
This provides a more accurate estimate of how much men
and women differ on a particular characteristic than the results of
any particular study.