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Key Vocabulary Philosophy and Ethics
Terms in this set (23)
A story designed to show that without fear of punishment that all people would behave unjustly.
A state with no rules.
The belief that all actions are selfishly motivated
A theory proposed by Aristotle that the good life and the virtuous life are identical.
A theory that we should judge actions or their intentions.
A theory that we should judge the consequences of actions.
A theory that we should judge actions according to the amount of happiness that they create.
Divine command ethics
A theory that good actions are those which God approves of and that bad actions are those which God disapproves of.
Applying ethical theories to practical ethical problems.
A story with a symbollic meaning, usually ethical or political
Allegory of the cave
An allegory that says that our existence is like that of prisoners who only ever experience the shadows of reality.
Doubting the existence of all knowledge, or doubting the existence of a particular type of knowledge.
A philosopher who proposed the three waves of doubt.
First wave of doubt
Sensory deception; because our senses deceive us sometimes we should never trust them, knowledge through the senses is therefore impossible.
Second wave of doubt
Dreaming. Because we have had dreams that we cannot distinguish from reality we do not know we are dreaming. If we do not know we are dreaming then we cannot have knowledge.
Third wave of doubt
Evil demon. There might be an omniscient, omnipotent, deceptive demon who deceives us into believing that we are having experiences when we are not. We therefore don't know that we're not being deceived and so cannot trust our sensory perception.
The ability to decide how we wish to act.
The claim that free will and determinism cannot both be true.
The claim that free will and determinism can both be true.
The incompatibilist's claim that determinism is true and therefore that there is no freedom.
The incompatibilist's claim that we have free will and so determinism is false.
The compatibist position who asserts that we have free will and that determinism is true.
The belief that God's omniscience causes us to be determined.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
IB Philosophy -- Ethics and Moral Philosophy
Philosophy Alevel (Sandown)
Glossary ALevel philosophy
PHILOSOPHY ALEVEL: Meta-Ethics
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