TN READY Industrial Revolution, Westward Expansion, and Spanish American War
Terms in this set (25)
During the 1800's Memphis was a very swampy area and was well known as the filthiest and most foul smelling city on earth. Open sewers contributed to the unpleasant odor and they provided breeding grounds for mosquitoes, which caused yellow fever. Over 5,000 people died from the disease and many Memphians never returned to the city, resulting in Memphis losing its charter at one point.Many African Americans, like Robert Church, stayed in Memphis and became leaders in the city.
This cross country railroad united the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific on May 10, 1869 when the "Golden Spike" was driven in with a silver hammer at Promontory Summit, Utah. The coast-to-coast railroad connection revolutionized the settlement and economy of the American West. It made transporting passengers and goods coast-to-coast considerably quicker and less expensive.
GEORGE JORDAN & BUFFALO SOLDIERS
Born in Williamson County, TN, Jordan entered service in Nashville and became one of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers," the U.S. Army's first peacetime regiment made up entirely of African-American soldiers.
American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL), and served as the organization's president from 1886 to 1894, and tried to secure shorter hours and higher wages for factory workers
The most famous of all the units fighting in Cuba, the "Rough Riders" was the name given to the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry under the leadership of Theodore RooseveltThey also made headlines for their role in the Battle of San Juan Hill,
A massive explosion of unknown origin sinks the battleship USS Maine in Cuba's Havana harbor, killing 260. The Maine had been sent to Cuba to protect the interests of Americans there. The ship was believed to be blown up by a mine. Much of Congress and a majority of the American public expressed little doubt that Spain was responsible and called for a declaration of war.
A style of newspaper reporting that emphasized sensationalism over facts. During its heyday in the late 19th century it was one of many factors that helped push the United States and Spain into war in Cuba and the Philippines, leading to the acquisition of overseas territory by the United States.
When a nation extends its power by the acquisition of other territories. When Spain surrendered, it granted the United States its first overseas empire with the ceding of such former Spanish possessions as Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
18TH and 21st AMENDMENTs
By the late 1800s, prohibition movements had sprung up across the United States, driven by religious groups who considered alcohol a threat to the nation. The movement reached its apex in 1920 when Congress ratified the 18th Amendment, prohibiting the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors. Prohibition proved difficult to enforce and failed to have the intended effect of eliminating crime and other social problems-to the contrary, it led to a rise in organized crime, as the bootlegging of alcohol became an ever-more lucrative operation. In 1933, widespread public disillusionment led Congress to ratify the 21st Amendment, which repealed Prohibition.
The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of gender. It was adopted on August 18, 1920.
IDA B WELLS
An African-American journalist In the 1890s who documented lynching in the United States. She showed that lynching was often used in the South as a way to control or punish black people who competed with whites
Former slave who started a newspaper in Chattanooga after he was freed. He organized a successful boycott of the segregated streetcars in Chattanooga.
"• Thomas Edison: light bulb and phonograph
• Alexander Graham Bell:
invented telephone; school for the deaf
• Henry Ford:
assembly line production/automoblle
• George Eastman:
• George Washington Carver
• :helped Southern farmers; peanut products
• Swift and Armor
Jane Addams, known as the "mother" of social work, was a pioneer American settlement activist/reformer, and social worker who founded the Hull House to help immigrants
CENTENNIAL EXPOSITION 1897
The Tennessee Centennial Exposition was a large fair that was held in Nashville in 1897 to celebrate Tennessee's 100th anniversary of becoming a state. The fair celebrated technology and the social progress of women and African Americans
CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY
Rockefeller: Oil Industry Vanderbilt: Shipping/Railroads Carnegie: Steel J.P. Morgan: Banking America wasn't discovered, it was built. At the end of the Civil War, America was seen as a failing experiment in democracy; a nation fraying from the inside and at war with itself. Just 50 years later, the United States was the greatest superpower the world had ever seen.
TENNESSEE ECONOMY AFTER SLAVERY
Southern states needed to support their economy with more than agriculture after slavery was abolished. Tennessee's economy shifted to industry: Chattanooga Bottling Company in 1899 (1st bottling company in United States); mining in the Cumberland Plateau; coal and iron processing, urban areas grew, railroads increased.
IMMIGRATION CHANGES WITH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION & WESTWARD EXPANSION
New immigration after Reconstruction increased from Southern & Eastern Europe, China, and Japan. Immigrants from China & Ireland played a strong role in the development of the Transcontinental Railroad. Blending strongly-held traditions from a wide variety of cultures became a challenge as immigrants wanted to embrace their new homes but also honor their culture. Immigrants also found it difficult to assimilate into American culture.
GREAT PLAINS AND THE HOMESTEAD ACTS
The importantce of the Homestead Act of 1862 often gets overlooked because of the Civil War. The government wanted to tame the area with this act which allowed any American over the age of 21 who was the head of a family or a former soldier to put in a claim for up to 160 acres of federal land. The Great Plains was more likely to be settled because it was difficult to cross the Rocky Mountains.