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Terms in this set (24)
The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
The use of peaceful means, not force, to bring about political or social change.
De Facto Segregation
Racial segregation, especially in public schools, that happens "by fact" rather than by legal requirement. For example, often the concentration of African-Americans in certain neighborhoods produces neighborhood schools that are predominantly black, or segregated in fact ( de facto ), although not by law ( de jure ).
De Jure Segregation
De jure segregation refers to the legal separation of groups of people based on the law. ... A close relative of de jure segregation is de facto segregation. In de facto segregation, people are not separated legally but remain separate from each other as a matter of fact.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement.
A person who challenged racial laws in the American South in the 1960s, originally by refusing to abide by the laws designating that seating in buses be segregated by race.
Mississippi Freedom Summer
Freedom Summer was a 1964 voter registration project in Mississippi, part of a larger effort by civil rights groups such as the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE) and the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to expand black voting in the South.
Voting Rights Acts 1965
The Voting Rights Act of 1965, signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote as guaranteed under the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
On 25 March 1965, Martin Luther King led thousands of nonviolent demonstrators to the steps of the capitol in Montgomery, Alabama, after a 5-day, 54-mile march from Selma, Alabama, where local African Americans, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) had been campaigning for voting rights.
Malcolm X definition. An African-American political leader of the twentieth century. A prominent Black Muslim, Malcolm X explained the group's viewpoint in a book written by Alex Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X. He was assassinated in 1965.
(Discuss) Proposed since September 2016. The Black Panther Party or the BPP (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a political organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966.
the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
the fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.
the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.
a special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group of people.
the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities.
14-year-old African-American who was lynched in Mississippi in 1955, after a white woman said she was offended by him in her family's grocery store.
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka
Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Little Rock Nine
a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr
American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
Montgomery Bus boycott
political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
March on Washington
a massive protest march that occurred in August 1963, when some 250,000 people gathered in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. Also known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
It emerged from the first wave of student sit-ins and formed at an April 1960 meeting organized by Ella Baker at Shaw University
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