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Terms in this set (33)
carl rodgers approach to therapy
therapist uses active listening techniques to facilitate the clients' growth
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats
3 criticisms of token economy?
will the behaviors last? Will people become too dependent on tokens? Is it ethical for one person to control another's behavior?
a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors
2 types of counter conditioning?
exposure therapy and aversive conditioning
associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
what does aversive conditioning seek to do?
condition an aversion to something a person should avoid
does aversive conditioning work?
not really because the patient knows it wont happen outside the office
behavioral techniques that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid
type of exposure therapy
a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli (keeps you calm while anxious to relieve anxiety)
what is systematic desensitization used for?
virtual reality exposure therapy
an anxiety treatment that exposes people to simulations of their fears
therapy that teaches people new, adaptive ways of thinking and acting
integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behaviors therapy (changing behavior)
cognitive therapies change -------
thoughts about self
behavior therapies change ------
treatment of emotional or behavior problems through psychological techniques.
a prescribed medication or medical procedure that acts directly on the patient's nervous system
approach to therapy that combines multiple ways
A method of studying how the mind works and treating mental disorders
sigmund freuds approach to therapy
what did freud believe about patient's free associations, resistances, dreams and transferences meant?
they released repressed feelings and allowed the patient to gain self-insight
aim of psychoanalysis
bring repressed feelings to the surface
method of psychoanalysis
saying whatever comes to mind
stopping yourself from saying something
when the doctor notes down what a resistance
when a patient transfers their feelings about a situation or person onto the doctor
how to active listen (3)
paraphrase, invite clarification, reflect feelings