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30 terms

Vocab Lessons 1, 2, 3

Vocabulary lessons 1, 2, and 3
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cognate
adjective - related by being derived, descended, or borrowed from the same word or root; noun - a word, word part, or language that is related to another by common descent or derivation.
derivative
noun - A. a word formed from another word or root, such as by adding a prefix or a suffix. B. something taken or received from a specified source; adjective - made up of elements that have been borrowed from another source.
diminutive
noun - a word formed by shortening or by adding certain suffixes indicating primarily small size but also youth, affection, or contempt; adjective A. relating or referring to a word, suffix, or name that is a diminutive or forms one B. very small in size
inflection
noun - A. the change in the form of words that indicates a grammatical distinction, such as number, gender, case, person, tense, mood, or voice. B. a word form of this kind. C. a change in the pitch or tone of the voice.
orthography
noun - the art or study of correct spelling according to established usage
paradigm
noun - A. a list of all the inflectional forms of a particular word. B. and example or model, especially one that is typical or particularly clear.
philology
noun - A. the chronological study of language development. B. the study of literature and language as used in literature.
phonology
noun - the science of speech sounds in a language.
rhetoric
noun - A. the art of using language effectively. B. the study of the elements used in composition or discourse. C. insincere and pretentious language.
syntax
noun - the way in which words are arranged or combined to form phrases, clauses, and sentences.
belie
trans. verb - A. to picture falsely; misrepresent; disguise. B. to show to be false; contradict. C. to disappoint or leave unfulfilled.
clandestine
adjective - concealed or kept secret, often for unlawful purposes.
collusion
noun - A secret agreement between two or more persons for a deceitful or fraudulent purpose; conspiracy.
dissemble
trans. verb - A. to disguise or conceal behind a false appearance. B. to make a false show of; feign; intrans. verb - to conceal one's real motives, nature, or feelings under a pretense.
nefarious
adjective - extremely wicked or infamous; evil; villainous
perfidious
adjective - disloyal; treacherous
probity
noun - complete and confirmed integrity; uprightness
scrupulous
adjective - A. acting in strict regard for what is considered right or proper; having principles. B. very conscientious and exacting.
spurious
adjective - A. lacking authenticity or validity; false. B. constituting a forgery
stratagem
noun - A. a clever scheme or trick designed to attain a goal. B. a maneuver designed to deceive or surprise and enemy.
emanate
intrans. verb - to come forth, as from a source; originate; trans. verb - to send forth; emit
inhibit
trans. verb - to restrain or hold back; prevent
meander
intrans. verb - A. to follow a winding and turning course. B. to wander aimlessly and idly without fixed direction; noun - A. circuitous windings, as of a stream or path. B. a circuitous journey or excursion; ramble.
retrogress
intrans. verb - A. to return to an earlier, inferior, or less complex condition; revert. B. to move or go backward.
serpentine
adjective - A. of or resembling a serpent, as in form or movement; sinuous. B. subtly sly and tempting
supersede
trans. verb - A. to take the place of; replace. B. to cause to be set aside or displaced; supplant.
torpid
adjective - A. lacking energy or vigor; lethargic; sluggish. B. deprived of the power of motion or feeling; benumbed. C. dormant; hibernating
transitory
adjective - existing only briefly; short-lived.
undulate
intrans. verb - A. to move in waves or with a wavelike motion; ripple. B. to have a wavelike appearance or form; trans. verb - A. to cause to move in a smooth wavelike motion. B. to give a wavelike appearance or form to; adjective - having a wavy outline or appearance
unremitting
adjective - never slackening; persistent