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Unit 12 - Abnormal Behavior
Terms in this set (50)
syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior. Also know for deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns.
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
psychological disorder marked by appearance by age 7 of one or more of 3 key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. Mental illnesses can be diagnosed by symptoms and treated through therapy and medication.
American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; widely used system for classifying psychological disorders
category of disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety and fear or maladaptive behaviors that reduce fear or anxiety.
generalized anxiety disorder
anxiety disorder in which person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in state of autonomic nervous system arousal.
anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.
anxiety disorders marked by persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation.
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions designed to reduce anxiety causing thoughts (compulsions)
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience.
category of disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
rare disorder in which person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Previously called multiple personality disorder.
category of psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes.
mood disorder in which person alternates between hopelessness and lethargy of depression and overexcited state of mania. (Formerly manic-depressive disorder.)
major depressive disorder
mood disorder in which person experiences, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
mood disorder marked by hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.
compulsive fretting; overthinking about our problems and their causes
false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders.
group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotional expression
a psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions.
antisocial personality disorder
personality disorder is one in which person (usually male) exhibits lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
social anxiety disorder
intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of such.
fear or avoidance of situations, such as crowds or wide open places, where one has felt loss of control and panic
recurrent & persisting thoughts, impulses or images that are intrusive and inappropriate and cause anxiety
repetitive behaviors or mental acts that relieve anxiety in OCD
somatic symptom disorder (somatoform disorder)
a psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent any physical causes
a disorder in which a person experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found
illness anxiety disorder
disorder in which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease (formerly called hypochondriasis)
dissociative disorder with loss of memory for info about themselves & their life experiences without physical cause. Typically memory loss limited to time surrounding traumatic event - traumatic events disappear from memory.
disorder in which a person suddenly, without planning or warning, travels far from home or work and leaves behind a past life with no prior recollection of past life
persistent/chronic depressive disorder
low-grade chronic depression with symptoms that are milder than those of severe depression but are present on a majority of days for 2 or more years
false sensory experiences, such as seeing or hearing something in the absence of an external visual or auditory stimulus
schizophrenia characterized by systematic and organized delusions and hallucinations, with delusional thoughts about persecution or conspiracy
a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods
a form of schizophrenia where the predominant feature is disorganization of the thought processes and "word salads." Hallucinations and delusions are less pronounced and these people may have significant impairments in their ability to maintain the activities of daily living
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
paranoid personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by extreme mistrust of others and a highly suspicious attitude
schizoid personality disorder
personality disorder in which person has no interest in relationships with other people, lack emotional responsiveness
avoidant personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by inhibition in social situations; feelings of inadequacy; oversensitivity to criticism - these individuals want relationships but are not good at it
dependent personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by helplessness; excessive need to be taken care of; submissive and clinging behavior; difficulty in making decisions
narcissistic personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by exaggerated ideas of self-importance and achievements; preoccupation with fantasies of success; arrogance
histrionic personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by excessive emotionality and preoccupation with being the center of attention; emotional shallowness; overly dramatic behavior. Seeks attention even if it is negative
borderline personality disorder
personality disorder characterized by lack of stability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotion; impulsive behavior; angry outbursts; intense fear of abandonment; recurring suicidal gestures; often drug, alcohol or other addictions
symptoms most individuals do not normally experience but are present in schizophrenia. delusions, auditory hallucinations, and thought disorder
Things that are not there that should be there in schizophrenics - missing emotion, flat affect - flat emotions, low motivation and drive, withdrawal from others, labored speech
schizophrenia is related to overactivity at dopamine receptors either as a result of oversensitivity of the receptors or exessive dopamine level
Lack of emotional response; no expression of feelings; voice monotonous
an eating disorder in which a person (usually an adolescent female) maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly (15 percent or more) underweight.
an eating disorder in which a person alternates binge eating (usually of high-calorie foods) with purging (by vomiting or laxative use), excessive exercise, or fasting
significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging or fasting that marks bulimia nervosa
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