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Sociology 100B Midterm
Terms in this set (36)
Age of Reason
-18th Century European Enlightment thinkers.
-Rationality or 'Age of Reason'Reason (based on scientific
thought) supplanted religious thinking.
-Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Rousseau
-Change in belief from society being ordained from god, but rather a human construction.
-French (1789, 1848)
-Equality, freedom, democracy
-By end of 18th century shift in means of production from agrarian to industrial and manufacturing
-Growth of Cities - Enclosure movement, factory labor, peasants forced to cities
-Social Problems - inequality, crime, poverty, illness
a way of understanding based on science
-Views society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
-Social structure refers to any relatively stable patterns of social behaviour found in social institutions
-Social function refers to the consequences for the operation of society as a whole: manifest function is intended; latent function is unintended; and dysfunction is disruptive.
-Ignores inequalities of social class, race and gender, focuses on stability at the expense of conflict
-Views society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
-Society is structured in ways to benefit a few at the expense of the majority
-Factors such as ethnicity, race, sex, class, and age are linked to social inequality
-Dominant group vs. minority group relations
i.e. Feminism, Critical Race Theory, Queer Theory
-Some say ignores how shared values and mutual interdependence unify society
If it pursues political goals, it cannot be scientific (good or bad)
-Male sociologists have traditionally monopolized the discipline of sociology.
-Feminist theorists have attempted to address the resulting bias by focusing on patriarchy.
-Different types of feminism (e.g., maternal, socialist, radical).
-Different perspectives but generally agree women have been more successful at acquiring rights as opposed to actual equality.
-Structural-functional and social-conflict approaches are macro-level: focus on society as a whole.
-SI views society as the product of everyday interactions of individuals: micro-level
-Society is nothing more than the shared reality that people construct as they interact with one another
-Society is a complex, ever-changing mosaic of subjective meanings
-Ignores larger social structures, effects of culture, factors such as class, gender, ethnicity, and race
-Rejection of positivism prediction and control. Considers emotional and willful aspects of human beings.
-These ideas resurfaced in the 1980s in a movement known as post-modernism.
-Postmodernists reject the idea that humans are rational and that social life is'real
-Postmodernists also reject idea of a single truth. Rather, believe there are many different truths in the world to be explored on issues such as gender, sexuality, and authority.
Reserved Army of Labour